Name: Gandy Orbit-Air (15' boom)

2005-04-19 Fertilizer Application Applied 0-0-60, potash fertilizer, at 50 lbs/A (56.14 kg/ha) to the European Corn Borer Study (ECB) area. The 50 lbs/A provided 30 lbs/A of K20 to the plots. The fertilizer was applied with the JD 7400 tractor traveling at 5 mph and Gandy Orbit-Air with a 15 ft boom.

2005-04-19 Fertilizer Application Applied 0-0-60, potash fertilizer, at 50 lbs/A (56.14 kg/ha) to the Nitrogen Rate Study area. The 50 lbs/A provided 30 lbs/A of K20 to the plots. The fertilizer was applied with the JD 7400 tractor traveling at 5 mph and Gandy Orbit-Air with a 15 ft boom.

2004-03-15 Planting Frost seeded medium red clover at 12 lbs/acre (13.47 kg/ha) into winter wheat in the biodiversity study treatment's B4 & B7, all replications. Plot numbers B4: (104, 220, 307, & 404); B7: (105, 219, 305, & 407). Clover was seeded with a John Deere 5220 traveling at 5 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm's, and a Gandy Air Seeder. Gandy motor setting was 2.0 and gates were in the middle position. The boom height on the air seeder was 24 inches from the ground. The clover seed was pre-inoculated with Rhizobium Inoculum. Rhizobium is a nitrogen fixing bacteria.

2001-03-19 Planting Frost seeded medium red clover (12 lbs/ Acre)into winter wheat, using a Gandy Air Seeder. T4 all reps, reps: 6, 1, 2, 4, 3, and 5. Time: 8:30 a.m. - 10:00 a.m. reps: 6, 1, 2, and 4; 6:30 p.m. - 7:15 p.m. reps 3 and 5. The boom height on the air seeder was 24 inches from the ground to the deflector plates. JD 5400 tractor: 6 mph, C1 1800 rpm's.

2014-04-09 Planting Frost seeded red clover in 2014 LTER Biodiversity Study winter wheat plots. Red clover was seeded into treatment B3 (111, 203, 306, 403), B6 (107, 207, 317, 406), B17 (116, 211, 302, 417) for a total of 12 plots all of which had winter wheat planted in November of 2013. Clover was seeded at 13 lbs/A with Gandy air seeder with a 15' boom. Seeded at 7:30 a.m. - 8:00 a.m. weather conditions at this time were clear and sunny, temperature was 33 degrees F with calm winds. For calibration figures, seed tag information, and other information please see PDF attachment.

1996-06-28 Planting Crimson Clover seeded at lay-by in 20” (50.8 cm) bands followed last cultivation at 15 lb/acre (16.8 kg/ha) using Gandy Orbit-air [T3, T4] [Seeding?]

1995-03-09 Planting Frost seeded covercrop Mammoth red clover (Trifolium pratense) with Gandy Orbit air seeder 12 lbs/a (13 kg/ha) [T3, T4]

2004-03-10 Planting Frost seeded medium red clover at 12 lbs/acre (13.47 kg/ha) into winter wheat on the main site treatment 4, all replications, reps: 6, 1, 2, 3, 4, & 5. Clover was seeded with a John Deere 5220 traveling at 5 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm's, and a Gandy Air Seeder. Gandy motor setting was 2.0 and gates were in the middle position. The boom height on the air seeder was 24 inches from the ground. The clover seed was pre-inoculated with Rhizobium Inoculum. Rhizobium is a nitrogen fixing bacteria. [T4, R1-6]

1999-06-30 Fertilizer Application Applied Ammonium Nitrate (34-0-0) based on POST-Emergence Soil Nitrate Test (PSNT) taken earlier in June, recommendations based on 130 Bu/acre corn yield goal application of PSNT done using Gandy Orbit-air spreader at lay-by. [T1]

1996-03-12 Planting {{pl: Frost seeded Michigan Red Mammoth Clover at 12 lb/A rate to Rotation Entry Point Study (Treatments 3 and 4), low chemical and zero chemical wheat plots which were planted last fall. The wheat is about 1-2 inches tall and looks brown. The temperature at 8:30 am was 30 degrees. Finished operation at about 9:00 am. I used the Gandy Orbit Air Spreader from Dale Mutches program and the JD 2155 W/Loader and FW assist.}}

1996-06-27 Fertilizer Application Applied 120 lb N/acre (134 kg N/ha) as ammonium nitrate (34-0-0) based on Pre-Side-dressed Soil Nitrate Test (PSNT) results, taken a few days earlier. Nitrogen fertilizer recommendations were based on 130 bu/acre (8150 kg/ha) corn yield goal, when mean corn height was 12” (30.5 cm). Application of nitrogen (34-0-0) was done using Gandy Orbit-Air spreader at lay-by (N applied to both sides of cornrows) [T1]

1996-06-28 Fertilizer Application Applied 120 lb N/acre (134 kg N/ha) as ammonium nitrate (34-0-0) based on Pre-Side-dressed Soil Nitrate Test (PSNT) results, taken a few days earlier. When corn plants were about 12" (7.6 cm) tall, applied nitrogen (PSNT) recommendations for 130 bu/acre (8150 kg/ha) corn yield goal as ammonium nitrate (34-0-0), at lay-by, using Gandy Orbit-Airspreader [T2]

1989-06-26 Fertilizer Application Broadcasted ammonium nitrate at 110 lbs N/a (123 kg N/ha) [T1] [R1-6]{{PL: ...15 foot Gandy Spreader with drop tubes. Gandy setting = 74 ---> 110 pounds N/acre }}

2008-07-28 Planting Seed red clover into the biodiversity study treatment and plots that were seeded: B4 (104, 220, 307, 404) B7 (105, 219, 305, 407), B15 (112, 213, 301, 415). Seeded at 12 lbs/A. JD 6420 tractor at 4.0 mph = C2 1250 RPM's (4 mph = 100 ft in 17 sec.) Gandy Air Seeder Setting 1.55 with the gates all the way open.

2010-06-25 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site Interaction Plots (field B3) with ammonium nitrate at 130 lbs N/A. Dry ammonium nitrate (34% N) was applied in two passes using a Gandy with a 15' boom. The 130 lbs N/A was equivalent to 382.4 lbs/A of total ammonium nitrate. Care was taken to not fertilize inside the lysimeter area.

2012-03-05 Planting Frost seeded clover into 2012 Biodiversity wheat plots with cover crop. Organic medium red clover seed was frost seeded into Biodiversity treatments B5 (114, 217, 312, 405), B8 (118, 214, 310, 408), and B17 (116, 211, 302, 417), all of which had winter wheat planted in November 2011. Clover was seeded at 12 lbs/A in two passes of a Gandy air seeder with a 15' boom length. Weather conditions at time of seeding: Sunny, wind 0-3 mph from NW, 1/2” light fluffy snow on the ground, 21 degrees, F, 63 % relative humidity. Started at 9 a.m., finished at 10:30 a.m., still snowy and cold.

2011-03-14 Planting Frost seeded medium red clover (variety not stated) at 12 lbs/A (13.5 kg/ha) into winter wheat in the Biodiversity Study treatments B3, B6, and B17, all replications. Clover seed was from DKB Farms & Services LLC, Columbiaville MI 48421 Lot S 80 100023 DKBCLO8: OCIA Certified Organic Clover Lot# B1E1-2J3J4A-BJ5O108 (Member ID 11449). B3 plots: 111, 203, 306, 403; B6 plots: 107, 207, 317, 406; B17 plots: 116, 211, 302, 417. Clover was seeded with John Deere 5425 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1350 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length). Gandy motor setting was 0.9 and gates on the Gandy were all the way open. Boom height was about 24 inches from the ground. Temperature was 24°F, wind was from south-east at 3 mph.

2013-03-27 Planting Frost seeded LTER Main Site Treatment T4 with Medium Red Clover at 14 lbs/A. Clover seed was from DKB Farms & Services LLC, Columbiaville MI, 48421. Lot # WHIT-CLOV-12 : Certified Organic Clover Processor # 4023H1011-10. Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 20 inches apart. Gandy motor setting was 1.1 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the middle position. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Temperature was between 25-30 degrees F at the start and between 30-35 degrees F at the finish. All replicates were seeded in 20 passes across the field with the GPS set for a 3” overlap on each side during a pass. Replicate order was R5, R3, R4, R2, R6, R1. Due to the ground thawing quickly Rep 1 was seeded first thing on March 28, 2013.

2013-03-28 Planting Frost seeded clover into 2013 Biodiversity wheat plots with cover crop. Organic medium red clover seed was frost seeded into Biodiversity treatments B4 (104, 220, 307, 404), B7 (105, 219, 305, 407), B17 (116, 211, 302, 417), all of which had winter wheat planted in November 2012. Clover was seeded at 14 lbs/A in two passes of a Gandy air seeder with a 15' boom length. Weather conditions at time of seeding were between 30-35 degrees F and partly sunny.

2013-03-28 Planting Frost seeded LTER Main Site Treatment T3 with Medium Red Clover at 14 lbs/A. Clover seed was from DKB Farms & Services LLC, Columbiaville MI, 48421. Lot # WHIT-CLOV-12 : Certified Organic Clover Processor # 4023H1011-10. Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 20 inches apart. Gandy motor setting was 1.1 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the middle position. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Temperature was between 25-30 degrees F at the start and between 30-35 degrees F at the finish. All replicates were seeded in 20 passes across the field with the GPS set for a 3” overlap on each side during a pass. Replicate order was R6, R1, R2, R3, R4, R5.

2013-07-15 Planting Seeded Biodiversity Study treatments B5, B8, and B15, with red clover into field corn. The treatments which were seeded were corn plots which were suppose to have leguminous cover crops as part of their rotation: B5 (plots 114, 217, 312, 405), B8 (plots 118, 214, 310, 408), B15 (plots 112, 213, 301, 415). Clover was seeded at 12 lbs/A using the small 15' Gandy with band applicators set up for 30 in rows (7 bands in total). Corn was around 18-30 inches tall at time of application.

2006-04-19 Fertilizer Application Fertilized T1, T2, T3, and T8nt plots. Please see notes for specific dates fertilizer was applied. April 19, 2006 fertilized T2 reps: 1, 3, 4, 2, 5, and 6; T3 rep: 5. April 20, 2006 fertilized T3 reps: 4, 2, 3, 1, and 6; T1 reps: 3, 2, and 5. April 21, 2006 fertilized T1 reps: 1, 6, and 4; T8nt all reps.

2006-07-14 Planting Planed red clover in the biodiversity study treatments B3, B6, and B15.

2007-07-03 Planting Seeded crimson clover into the biodiversity B3 treatment. 15 lbs/A of crimson clover. JD5410 tractor going 4.0 mph (C1 1300 rpm's) (my notes said we used the JD 5410 tractor so was this the JD 5420 tractor or the JD 5400 tractor, not sure which tractor we used.) Gandy motor setting 1.6, gates were all the way open.

2001-03-20 Planting Frost seeded medium red clover (12 lbs/ Acre) into winter wheat, using a Gandy Air Seeder. T3 plots, all reps, reps: 6, 2, 1, 3, 4, and 5. Time: 7:00 a.m. - 9:30 a.m. all reps. The boom height on the air seeder was 24 inches from the ground to the deflector plates. JD 5400 tractor: 6 mph, C1 1800 rpm's.

2002-03-18 Planting In the Biodiversity Study all replications of treatments B3, B6, and B17 were frost seeded with medium red clover at 12 lbs/Acre, into winter wheat, using a Gandy Air Seeder. Description of treatments are B3, plots: (111, 203, 306, and 403) (One annual crop with two cover crops. Three year crop rotation of corn, soybeans, and winter wheat.), B6, plots: (107, 207, 317, and 406) (One annual crop with one cover crop. Three year crop rotation of corn, soybeans, and winter wheat), and B17, plots: (116, 211, 302, and 417) (One annual crop with one cover crop. Monoculture cropping system {no crop rotation}).

2007-07-02 Planting Seeded red clover into the biodiversity B5, B8, and B15 treatments. 12 lbs/A of red clover. JD5410 tractor going 4.0 mph (C1 1300 rpm's) (my notes said we used the JD 5410 tractor so was this the JD 5420 tractor or the JD 5400 tractor, not sure which tractor we used.) Gandy motor setting 1.6, gates were all the way open.

2014-07-14 Planting Seeded Biodiversity Study treatments B4, B7, and B15, with red clover into field corn. The treatments which were seeded were corn plots which were suppose to have leguminous cover crops as part of their rotation: B4 (plots 104, 220, 307, 404), B7 (plots 105, 219, 305, 407), B15 (plots 112, 213, 301, 415). Clover was seeded at 13.7 lbs/A using the small 15' Gandy with band applicators set up for 30 in rows (7 bands in total). Corn was around 18-36 inches tall at time of application.

2015-03-18 Planting Frost seeded red clover in 2015 LTER Biodiversity Study winter wheat plots. Red clover was seeded into treatment B5 (114, 217, 312, 405), B8 (118, 214, 310, 408), B17 (116, 211, 302, 417) for a total of 12 plots all of which had winter wheat planted in November of 2014. Clover was seeded at 12.56 lbs/A with Gandy air seeder with a 15' boom. Seeded at 9:00 a.m. - 10:00 a.m. weather conditions at this time were clear and sunny, temperature was 31 degrees F with calm winds. For calibration figures, seed tag information, and other information please see PDF attachment.

2016-03-23 Planting Frost seeded LTER Main Site Treatment T4 all replications, and the Biodiversity study treatments b4 (104, 220, 307, 404), b7 (105, 219, 305, 407), b17 (116, 211, 302, 417), with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed had a coating that was 34% of the seed weight. A pure live seed calculation was done to calculate amount of seed per acre needed to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure live seed. The calculation equaled 20 lbs/A seeding rate to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure seed (see papers attached). Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 22.5 inches. Gandy motor setting was 1.78 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the first position. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Start of application was 8:15 a.m. weather was cloudy 41 degrees F 3-7 mph east north east wind, 81% humidity. End of application 1:20 p.m. cloudy 46 degrees F 6-10 mph east north east wind, 63% humidity. Total amount of seed added was 359 pounds with 33 pounds remaining at the end. so 326 pounds of seed applied over 16 acres equals 20.4 lbs/A seeding rate. This should give close to a 12 lbs/A pure live seeding rate.

2016-07-21 Planting Broadcast seeded red clover in the LTER Biodiversity Study corn treatments B5 (114, 317, 312, 405), B8 (118, 214, 310, 408), B15 (112, 213, 301, 415). Clover was seeded with 15' gandy at 20 lbs/A over the top of the corn.

2017-03-03 Planting Frost seeded LTER Biodiversity study treatments b3 (111, 203, 306, 403), b6 (107, 207, 317, 406), b17 (116, 211, 302, 417), with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed had a coating that was 34% of the seed weight. A pure live seed calculation was done to calculate amount of seed per acre needed to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure live seed. The calculation equaled 20 lbs/A seeding rate to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure seed (see papers attached). Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 22.5 inches. Gandy motor setting was 1.78 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the first position. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Start of application was 8:30 a.m. weather was sunny 19 degrees F 2-5 mph west wind. End of application 9:00 a.m. sunny 20 degrees F 5-7 mph north west wind. Total amount of seed added was 30 pounds with 14 pounds remaining at the end. 16 pounds of seed applied over .82 acres equals 19.3 lbs/A seeding rate. This should give close to a 10 lbs/A pure live seeding rate.

2017-07-21 Planting Seeded Red clover in LTER Biodiversity study corn treatments b4 (104, 220, 307, 404), b7 (105, 219, 305, 407), b15 (112, 213, 301, 407), with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed had a coating that was 34% of the seed weight. A pure live seed calculation was done to calculate amount of seed per acre needed to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure live seed. The calculation equaled 20 lbs/A seeding rate to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure seed. Clover was seeded with John Deere 5425 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 22.5 inches. Gandy motor setting was 1.78 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the first position.

2018-03-05 Planting Frost seeded LTER Biodiversity study treatments B5 (114, 217, 312, 405), B8 (118, 214, 310, 408), B17 (116, 211, 302, 417), with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed had a coating that was 34% of the seed weight. A pure live seed calculation was done to calculate amount of seed per acre needed to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure live seed. The calculation equaled 20 lbs/A seeding rate to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure seed. Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 22.5 inches. Gandy motor setting was 1.8 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the first position. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Start of application was 8:00 a.m. weather was sunny 27 degrees F 2-5 mph east wind. End of application 9:00 a.m. sunny 28 degrees F 10-13 mph east wind. Total amount of seed added was 36 pounds with 17 pounds remaining at the end. 19 pounds of seed applied over .85 acres equals 22 lbs/A seeding rate. This should give close to a 12-14 lbs/A pure live seeding rate.

2018-07-25 Planting Seeded Medium Red Clover into corn plots in LTER Biodiversity Study treatments B3:(111, 203, 306, 403), B6:(107, 207, 317, 406), B15:(112, 213, 301, 415). Seeded red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed had a coating that was 34% of the seed weight. A pure live seed calculation was done to calculate amount of seed per acre needed to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure live seed. The calculation equaled 20 lbs/A seeding rate to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure seed. Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 22.5 inches. Gandy motor setting was 1.8 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the first position. Clover was applied directly over standing corn.

2019-03-18 Planting Seeded LTER Main Site Treatment T4 all replications (5, 3, 2, 1, 6, 4), with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed had a coating that was 34.29% of the seed weight. A pure live seed calculation was done to calculate amount of seed per acre needed to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure live seed. The calculation equaled 31 lbs/A seeding rate to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure seed (see papers attached). Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 22.5 inches. Gandy motor setting was ? with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the first position. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Start of application was 6:30 a.m. weather was clear 20 degrees F 0 mph wind. End of application 10:30 a.m. sunny 30 degrees F 0 mph wind. Total amount of seed added was 450 pounds with 85 pounds remaining at the end. so 365 pounds of seed applied over 13 acres equals 28 lbs/A seeding rate.This equals almost 11 lbs/A pure live seed.

2019-07-24 Planting Seeded Medium Red Clover into corn plots in LTER Biodiversity Study treatments B5: (114, 217, 312, 405), B8: (118, 214, 310, 408), B15: (112, 213, 301, 415). Seeded red Clover at 12 lbs/A pure live seed. Clover seed had a coating that was 34.29% of the seed weight. A pure live seed calculation was done to calculate amount of seed per acre needed to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure live seed. The calculation equaled 31 lbs/A seeding rate to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure seed. Clover was seeded with John Deere 5425 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1250 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 22.5 inches. Gandy motor setting was 1.8 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the first position. Clover was applied directly over standing corn.

2022-03-04 Planting Seeded LTER Main Site Treatment T4 all replications (5, 3, 2, 4) on 03/04/2022, and (1,6) on 03/05/2022 with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. (PLS of 51.75 makes the new target 23.19 lbs/A) Actual application was 23.66 lbs/A making the application rate 12.24 lbs/A. A pure live seed calculation was done to calculate amount of seed per acre needed to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure live seed. The calculation equaled 23 lbs/A seeding rate to achieve the 12 lbs/A of pure seed (see papers attached). Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear B3 at 2000 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 22.5 inches. Gandy motor setting was 2 with the red metering wheels in and the gates on the Gandy were in the first position. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Start of 1st application was 7:00 a.m. on 03/04/2022 weather was clear 18 degrees F 0 mph wind. End of application 10:30 a.m. sunny 29 degrees F 0 mph wind. Start of 2nd application was 7:10 a.m. on 03/05/2022 weather was clear 34 degrees F 0 mph wind. End of application 8:15 a.m. sunny 35 degrees F 0 mph wind.