Name: Chafer Stream Bars

2015-05-13 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatment G10, MICROPLOT area only, all replications. Treatment G10 microplots were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs / gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas: fertilized microplot areas 15' wide located on the west side of treatment plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the east side of the treatment plot G10R1; unfertilized areas which were the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the west side of treatment plot G10R1. The fertilized 15' microplot received 50 lbs N/A. The unfertilized 76.86' was NOT fertilized. Conditions: At the end sunny, 56 degrees F, 60% Humidity with average wind of 5 mph out of the east. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were used, spaced 15 inches apart. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2015-05-13 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilzed microplot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' microplot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A applied in 3 passes of the sprayer. Conditions: At the end sunny, 56 degrees F, 60 % Humidity with 4 mph avg. east winds. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2015-05-13 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 (108, 201, 307, 408) 0 lbs/A; SWF2 (104, 206, 308, 407) 25 lbs N/A (8gal/A); SWF3 (102, 202, 302, 406) 50 lbs N/A (17 gal/A); SWF4 (105, 208, 305, 405) 75 lbs N/A (25 gal/A); SWF5 (101, 205, 304, 404) 100 lbs N/A (34 gal/A); SWF6 (107, 207, 301, 403) 125 lbs N/A (42 gal/A); SWF7 (106, 204, 306, 402) 150 lbs N/A (50 gal/A); SWF8 (103, 203, 303, 401) 175 lbs N/A (59 gal/A). All passes were made from the south alleyway across to the north side, doing blocks 1 & 3 at a time and then 2 & 4. Conditions: At the end sunny, 56 degrees F, 60% Humidity with avg.winds 4 mph out of the east. Equipment used: John Deere 5220 tractor pulling a Top-Air pull type sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump. A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast spray and apply the correct amount of fertilizer. The sprayer was controlled by a John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were spaced 15 inches apart along the 15 foot boom length extending from the center of the drive-line off to the right side of the sprayer; 11 nozzles were used on the boom. Different pressures, rpm, and speeds were used for the application so that the pressure range at the sprayer varied between 17-40 psi. 1.0 Orifice's were used in the chafer stream bars for SWF2 (17psi.C1), SWF3 (40psi B2), SWF4 (40psi B1); and 1.8 orifice's were used in the chafer stream bars on SWF5 (30psi B3), SWF6 (30psi B2), SWF7 (20psi B1),and SWF8 (30psi B1).

2015-05-14 Fertilizer Application Applied 28% (28-0-0) nitrogen fertilizer at 17 gals/A (50.78 lbs N/A) to the switchgrass in fields L2 at Lux Arbor and M3 at the Marshall Farm. One gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs. so 50.78 lbs N/A was applied. Weather conditions at start 9:15 a.m. mostly sunny, 49.6 degrees F. 69% humidity, wind out of the southeast-east 6-12 mph, Avg. 8 mph. Weather conditions at 5:00 p.m. cloudy 60 degrees F. 41% humidity, wind out the south east 5-12 mph, Avg. 6 mph. Weather conditions at the end of application 8:00 p.m. cloudy, 58 degrees F. 45% humidity, wind out the the south east 2-6 mph, Avg. 3 mph.

2015-05-21 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Cellulsic Biofuels Experiment (CE Study) treatment CE4 and CE6, all replications. Plots received 50 lbs N/A with 17 gallons/A 28% N liquid fertilizer. Treatments CE4: (plots 110, 203, 302, 404); and CE6: (plots 111, 204, 310, 406).

2016-03-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER N-Rate Study treatments 2-9. Plots were fertilized with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 7 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 20 pounds of actual N was applied. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Do to low volume only half the boom was on and every 15 foot plot was covered individually. Start 8:11 a.m. weather was mostly sunny 40 degrees F. 5-8 mph south wind. End of application 11:25 a.m. mostly sunny 51 degrees F. 3-6 mph south west wind, 46% humidity.

2016-03-21 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site treatments T1, T2, and T3 winter wheat plots all replications and lysimeter field. Plots were fertilized with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 10 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 30 pounds of actual N was applied. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Weather conditions at 10:00 a.m. Sunny, Temperature: 38 degrees F, Humidity: 53%, Wind: coming out of the Northwest at 1-4 mph (average of 2 mph). Weather conditions at 1:00 p.m. Sunny, Temperature: 39 degrees F, Humidity: 44%, Wind: coming out of the Northwest at 7.0 mph. (10 minute average). Weather conditions at 2:30 p.m. Sunny, Temperature: 42 degrees F, Humidity: 36%, Wind: coming out of the Northwest at 7.0 mph. (10 minute average). Dew Point: 17 degrees F. Weather conditions at 6:00 p.m. Sunny, Temperature: 43 degrees F, Humidity: 43%, Wind: coming out of the West-Northwest at 1-10 mph. Dew Point: 22 degrees F.

2016-04-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site treatment T2 all replications (6, 5, 2, 3, 4, 1) with a blended mixture of ((28-0-0) and (11-0-0-26) (together figured by weight have a fertilizer analysis of 20-0-0-12). The blend (20-0-0-12) was applied at 19 gallons/A, one gallon weighs 10.83 lbs so it provided 41 lbs of N/A, and 25 lbs of sulfur/A. Started spraying at 9:20 a.m. weather conditions were taken at 11:15 a.m. and 12:50 p.m. but did not vary much from 9:20 a.m. At 11:15 it was cloudy 54 degrees F, 98 % humidity 54 degrees F dew point with 0-5 mph north winds. Conditions at 12:50 p.m. it was cloudy 55 degrees F, 99 % humidity with 4-7 mph north winds.

2016-04-24 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site treatment T1 all replications (6, 5, 1, 4, 2, 3), Replications 5&6 were fertilized April 22, 2016. Conditions became to wet and replications 1-4 were finished being fertilized April 24, 2016. Plots were fertilized with a blended mixture of ((28-0-0) and (11-0-0-26) (together figured by weight have a fertilizer analysis of 20-0-0-12). The blend (20-0-0-12) was applied at 19 gallons/A, one gallon weighs 10.83 lbs so it provided 41 lbs of N/A, and 25 lbs of sulfur/A. Weather conditions 8:10 a.m. sunny 48 degrees F, 57% humidity 1-3 mph south south east wind. Conditions 12:42 sunny, 65 degrees F 35% humidity 2-6mph south winds.

2016-03-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER T8Nt. Plots were fertilized with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 10 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 30 pounds of actual N was applied. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Weather conditions mostly sunny 40 degrees F. 5-8 mph south wind. End of application 11:25 a.m. mostly sunny 51 degrees F. 3-6 mph south west wind, 46% humidity.

2016-04-27 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site treatment T3 all replications (5, 4, 2, 1, 3, 6), Plots were fertilized with a blended mixture of ((28-0-0) and (11-0-0-26) (together figured by weight have a fertilizer analysis of ). 11-0-0-26 weighs 11 lbs/gallon so 11 lbs of N/A and 26 lbs of sulfur/A were applied. 28-0-0 weighs 10.67 lbs/gallon so 15 lbs of N/A was applied. Total with the blended mixture 26 lbs of N and 26 lbs of sulfur was applied per acre. Weather conditions 10:25 a.m. partly cloudy 46 degrees F, 73% humidity 5-11 mph north east wind. Conditions 1:31 p.m. partly cloudy, 62 degrees F 29% humidity 2-10 mph north east winds.

2016-04-27 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER N-rate study (Irrigated and Non-irrigated fertility gradient study) winter wheat plots. Fertilizer applications were with 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN). A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast spray and apply the correct amount of fertilizer. Plots F2 and up already were applied with 7 gal/A of 28-0-0 supplying 20 lbs of N/A. This application started at treatment F3 to apply the remaining nitrogen. The amounts of remaining nitrogen applied were as follows: F1 (101, 203, 309, 404, 501, 603, 709, 804) 0 lbs/A; F2 (102, 202, 304, 406, 502, 602, 704, 806) 0 lbs N/A (0 gal/A); F3 (103, 205, 302, 407, 503, 605, 702, 807) 20 lbs N/A (6.7 gal/A); F4 (104, 208, 305, 403, 504, 608, 705, 803) 40 lbs N/A (13.4 gal/A); F5 (105, 204, 306, 401, 505, 604, 706, 801) 60 lbs N/A (20 gal/A); F6 (106, 209, 308, 402, 506, 609, 708, 802) 80 lbs N/A (26.8 gal/A); F7 (107, 201, 307, 408, 507, 601, 707, 808) 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A); F8 (108, 207, 303, 405, 508, 607, 703, 805) 120 lbs N/A (40.2 gal/A); F9 (109, 206, 301, 409, 509, 606, 701, 809) 140 lbs N/A (46.9 gal/A). Guard plots were sprayed at rates comparable to adjacent treatment plots. 1.0 orifices were used f3-f6, 1.8 orifices used f7-f9 Time of application was between 1:30 p.m. and 5:45 p.m. Conditions at 1:30 p.m. were cloudy temperature was 57.4 F, 41% relative humidity with 2-10 mph north east wind. Conditions at 5:45 p.m. were cloudy 62 degrees F, 29 % humidity, with 3-5 mph east wind.

2016-04-24 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site Lysimiter field with a blended mixture of ((28-0-0) and (11-0-0-26) (together figured by weight have a fertilizer analysis of 20-0-0-12). The blend (20-0-0-12) was applied at 19 gallons/A, one gallon weighs 10.83 lbs so it provided 41 lbs of N/A, and 25 lbs of sulfur/A. Weather conditions 8:10 a.m. sunny 48 degrees F, 57% humidity 1-3 mph south south east wind. Conditions 12:42 sunny, 65 degrees F 35% humidity 2-6mph south winds.

2016-04-27 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER T8nt all replications, Plots were fertilized with a blended mixture of ((28-0-0) and (11-0-0-26) (together figured by weight have a fertilizer analysis of ). 11-0-0-26 weighs 11 lbs/gallon so 11 lbs of N/A and 26 lbs of sulfur/A were applied. 28-0-0 weighs 10.67 lbs/gallon so 15 lbs of N/A was applied. Total with the blended mixture 26 lbs of N and 26 lbs of sulfur was applied per acre. Conditions 1:31 p.m. partly cloudy, 62 degrees F 29% humidity 2-10 mph north east winds. Conditions at 5:45 p.m. were cloudy 62 degrees F 29% humidity with 3-5 mph east winds.

2016-04-27 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER T8nt all replications, Plots were fertilized with 28-0-0 at 12 gallons/A. 28-0-0 weighs 10.67 lbs/gallon so 36 lbs of N/A was applied. Conditions 1:31 p.m. partly cloudy, 62 degrees F 29% humidity 2-10 mph north east winds. Conditions at 5:45 p.m. were cloudy 62 degrees F 29% humidity with 3-5 mph east winds.

2016-05-12 Fertilizer Application Applied fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilized micro-plot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' micro-plot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A applied in 3 passes of the sprayer. Weather conditions: 64 F cloudy and humid. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi was used.

2016-05-12 Fertilizer Application Applied fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatment G10, MICRO-PLOT area only, all replications. Treatment G10 micro-plots were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. The 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs / gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas: fertilized micro-plot areas 15' wide located on the west side of treatment plots (G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5) and G10R1 located on the east side of the treatment plot; unfertilized areas which were the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plots (G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5) and G10R1 located on the west side of treatment plot. The fertilized 15' micro-plot received 50 lbs N/A. The unfertilized 76.86' was NOT fertilized. Weather conditions: 64 F overcast and humid. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were used spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi was used. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2016-05-12 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Cellulsic Biofuels Experiment (CE Study) treatment CE4 and CE6, all replications. Treatments CE4: (plots 110, 203, 302, 404); and CE6: (plots 111, 204, 310, 406). Plots received 50 lbs N/A with 17 gallons/A 28% N liquid fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Weather conditions: 64 F cloudy and humid. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi was used.

2016-05-13 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 = 0 lbs/A (108, 201, 307, 408); SWF2 = 25 lbs N/A (8gal/A) (104, 206, 308, 407); SWF3 = 50 lbs N/A (17 gal/A) (102, 202, 302, 406); SWF4 = 75 lbs N/A (25 gal/A) (105, 208, 305, 405); SWF5 = 100 lbs N/A (34 gal/A) (101, 205, 304, 404); SWF6 = 125 lbs N/A (42 gal/A) (107, 207, 301, 403); SWF7 = 150 lbs N/A (50 gal/A) (106, 204, 306, 402); SWF8 = 175 lbs N/A (59 gal/A) (103, 203, 303, 401). Weather Conditions: 9:00 a.m. sunny 51 degrees F, 74% humidity 4-10 mph south, south-west wind. 10:08 a.m. 60 degrees F 67 % humidity 2-10 south, south-west winds. Equipment used: John Deere 5220 tractor pulling a Top-Air pull type sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump. A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast spray and apply the correct amount of fertilizer. The sprayer was controlled by a John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were spaced 15 inches apart along the 15 foot boom length extending from the center of the drive-line off to the right side of the sprayer; 11 nozzles were used on the boom. Different pressures, rpm, and speeds were used for the application so that the pressure range at the sprayer varied between 17-40 psi. 1.0 Orifice's were used in the chafer stream bars for SWF2 (17psi.C1), SWF3 (40psi B2), SWF4 (40psi B1); and 1.8 orifice's were used in the chafer stream bars on SWF5 (30psi B3), SWF6 (30psi B2), SWF7 (20psi B1),and SWF8 (30psi B1).

2016-05-13 Fertilizer Application Applied 28% (28-0-0) nitrogen fertilizer at 17 gals/A (50.78 lbs N/A) to the switchgrass in field M3 at the Marshall Farm. One gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs. so 50.78 lbs N/A was applied. Weather conditions at start 1:15 p.m. partly cloudy, 58 degrees F. 69% humidity, wind out of the west 4-12 mph, Avg. 10 mph. Weather conditions at start 3:15 p.m. partly cloudy, 61 degrees F. 58% humidity, wind out of the west 4-10 mph, Avg. 8 mph. Time to complete the N application: 11:00 or 11:30 a.m. till 3:30 p.m.

2017-05-10 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilzed microplot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' microplot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A applied in 3 passes of the sprayer. Conditions: 11:10 a.m. overcast 60 degrees F, 51% humidity, 4-5 mph south east wind. Conditions at end 1:38 p.m. overcast 68 degrees F 45 % humidity, 3-5 mph south west wind. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2017-05-10 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatment G10, MICROPLOT area only, all replications. Treatment G10 microplots were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs / gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas: fertilized microplot areas 15' wide located on the west side of treatment plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the east side of the treatment plot G10R1; unfertilized areas which were the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the west side of treatment plot G10R1. The fertilized 15' microplot received 50 lbs N/A. The unfertilized 76.86' was NOT fertilized. Conditions: 11:10 a.m. overcast 60 degrees F, 51% humidity, 4-5 mph south east wind. Conditions at end 1:38 p.m. overcast 68 degrees F 45 % humidity, 3-5 mph south west wind. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were used, spaced 15 inches apart. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2017-05-10 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Cellulsic Biofuels Experiment (CE Study) treatment CE4 and CE6, all replications. Treatments CE4: (plots 110, 203, 302, 404); and CE6: (plots 111, 204, 310, 406). Plots received 50 lbs N/A with 17 gallons/A 28% N liquid fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Weather conditions: 64 F cloudy and humid. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi was used.

2017-05-19 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 = 0 lbs/A (108, 201, 307, 408); SWF2 = 25 lbs N/A (8gal/A) (104, 206, 308, 407); SWF3 = 50 lbs N/A (17 gal/A) (102, 202, 302, 406); SWF4 = 75 lbs N/A (25 gal/A) (105, 208, 305, 405); SWF5 = 100 lbs N/A (34 gal/A) (101, 205, 304, 404); SWF6 = 125 lbs N/A (42 gal/A) (107, 207, 301, 403); SWF7 = 150 lbs N/A (50 gal/A) (106, 204, 306, 402); SWF8 = 175 lbs N/A (59 gal/A) (103, 203, 303, 401). Weather Conditions: 9:15 a.m. overcast 44 degrees F, 78% humidity 9-10 mph north east wind. 11:30 a.m. 49 degrees F 68 % humidity 9-10.5 mph north east winds. Equipment used: John Deere 5220 tractor pulling a Top-Air pull type sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump. A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast spray and apply the correct amount of fertilizer. The sprayer was controlled by a John Deere Rate Controller. Chafer stream bars were spaced 15 inches apart along the 15 foot boom length extending from the center of the drive-line off to the right side of the sprayer; 11 nozzles were used on the boom. Different pressures, rpm, and speeds were used for the application so that the pressure range at the sprayer varied between 17-40 psi. 1.0 Orifice's were used in the chafer stream bars for SWF2 (17psi.C1), SWF3 (40psi B2), SWF4 (40psi B1); and 1.8 orifice's were used in the chafer stream bars on SWF5 (30psi B3), SWF6 (30psi B2), SWF7 (20psi B1),and SWF8 (30psi B1).

2019-03-23 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTERv winter wheat N-Rate Study treatments 2-9. Plots were fertilized with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 7 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 20 pounds of actual N was applied. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Do to low volume only half the boom was on and every 15 foot plot was covered individually. Start 7:30 a.m. weather was clear 21.5 degrees F. 3-4 mph north west wind 91.9% humidity. End of application 9:30 a.m. clear sunny 27.2 degrees F. 5-6 mph north west wind, 84% humidity.

2019-03-23 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER winter wheat T8nt plots all replications with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 10 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 30 pounds of actual N was applied. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Start 9:30 a.m. clear sunny 27.2 degrees F. 5-6 mph north west wind, 84% humidity. End of application 10:42 a.m. clear sunny 29.5 degrees F. 4-5 mph north west wind, 74.8% humidity.

2019-03-25 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Winter wheat treatment T2 Plots all replications (6, 1, 4, 3, 2, 5) were fertilized with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 10 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 30 pounds of actual N was applied. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Start 6:50 a.m. weather was clear 29.3 degrees F. 12-15 mph north east wind 82.5 % humidity. End of application 9:45 a.m. clear sunny 30.7 degrees F. 13-15 mph north east wind, 65.2% humidity.

2019-03-25 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Winter wheat Lysimeter field with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 10 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 30 pounds of actual N was applied. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Start 9:45 a.m. clear sunny 30.7 degrees F. 13-15 mph north east wind, 65.2% humidity. End of application 10:10 a.m. clear sunny 31.6 degrees F. 12-15 mph north east wind, 61.84% humidity. (On 3-27-2019 another 10 gallons per acre was applied to empty the sprayer out. Applied from East to West up to T2R6 plot then ran out. Weather conditions on 3-27-2019 Start of application 7:10 a.m. clear, 26 degrees F, 2-4 mph South winds, 64.1 % humidity. End of application 8:30 a.m. Sunny 30 degrees F, 2-4 mph South winds, 64.3 % humidity.) Lysimeter field to this point has 20 gallons of 28% applied per acre. This equals 60 lbs N/A.

2019-03-26 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Winter wheat treatment T1 Plots all replications (3, 2, 4, 5, 1, 6) were fertilized with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 10 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 30 pounds of actual N was applied. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Start 6:50 a.m. weather was clear 25.8 degrees F. 3-4 mph north wind 26.5 % humidity. End of application 8:55 a.m. clear sunny 28.5 degrees F. 4-6 mph north east wind, 49.8% humidity.

2019-03-26 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Winter wheat treatment T3 Plots all replications (6, 1, 3, 2, 4, 5) were fertilized with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at a rate of 10 gallons per acre. A gallon of 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs, so 30 pounds of actual N was applied. Ground thawed and became muddy on last plot rep 5 so half was applied on this day and the remaining plot was applied the following morning 3-27-2019. Applied with Top Air Sprayer equipped with chafer streamer bars with 1.0 orifice. Start 8:55 a.m. clear sunny 28.5 degrees F. 4-6 mph north east wind, 49.8% humidity. End of application 10:50 a.m. clear sunny 31.2 degrees F. 6-8 mph east wind, 36.4% humidity. Weather conditions for remaining half plot T3R5 on 3-27-2019 Start of application 7:10 a.m. clear, 26 degrees F, 2-4 mph South winds, 64.1 % humidity. End of application 8:30 a.m. Sunny 30 degrees F, 2-4 mph South winds, 64.3 % humidity.

2019-05-05 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site winter wheat treatment T2 all replications (6, 1, 4, 3, 2, 5) with a blended mixture of ((32-0-0) and (12-0-0-26) (together figured by weight have a fertilizer analysis of 22-0-0-13). The blend (22-0-0-13) was applied at 18 gallons/A, one gallon weighs 10.83 lbs so it provided 43 lbs of N/A, and 25 lbs of sulfur/A. Started spraying at 3:30 p.m. weather conditions were sunny 69.1 degrees F, 36.8 % humidity 6-8 mph North West winds. Conditions at end 5:00 p.m. it was sunny 70.3 degrees F, 35.9 % humidity with 5-6 mph West winds.

2019-05-05 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site winter wheat treatment T1 all replications (6, 3, 2, 4, 5, 1) with a blended mixture of ((32-0-0) and (12-0-0-26) (together figured by weight have a fertilizer analysis of 22-0-0-13). The blend (22-0-0-13) was applied at 18 gallons/A, one gallon weighs 10.83 lbs so it provided 43 lbs of N/A, and 25 lbs of sulfur/A. Started spraying at 5:00 p.m. weather conditions were sunny 70.3 degrees F, 35.9 % humidity with 5-6 mph West winds. Conditions at end 6:40 p.m. it was sunny 69.2 degrees F, 40.7 % humidity with 8-10 mph North West winds.

2019-05-05 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site Lysimeter Field (only winter wheat) with a blended mixture of ((32-0-0) and (12-0-0-26) (together figured by weight have a fertilizer analysis of 22-0-0-13). The blend (22-0-0-13) was applied at 24 gallons/A (West to East to the east side of weather station, from weather station to East applied at 30 gallons per acre), one gallon weighs 10.83 lbs so at 24 gallons/a it provided 57 lbs of N/A, and 34 lbs of sulfur/A, at 30 gallons/a it provided 71 lbs of N/A, and 41 lbs of sulfur/A Started spraying at 6:40 p.m. it was sunny 69.2 degrees F, 40.7 % humidity with 8-10 mph North West winds. Conditions at end 7:15 p.m. it was sunny 69 degrees F, 39.5 % humidity with 7-8 mph North West winds.

2019-05-06 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER N-rate study (Irrigated and Non-irrigated fertility gradient study) winter wheat plots. Fertilizer applications were with 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN). A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast spray and apply the correct amount of fertilizer. Plots F2 and up already were applied with 7 gal/A of 28-0-0 supplying 20 lbs of N/A. This application started at treatment F3 to apply the remaining nitrogen. The amounts of remaining nitrogen applied were as follows: F1 (101, 203, 309, 404, 501, 603, 709, 804) 0 lbs/A; F2 (102, 202, 304, 406, 502, 602, 704, 806) 0 lbs N/A (0 gal/A); F3 (103, 205, 302, 407, 503, 605, 702, 807) 20 lbs N/A (7 gal/A); F4 (104, 208, 305, 403, 504, 608, 705, 803) 40 lbs N/A (13.4 gal/A); F5 (105, 204, 306, 401, 505, 604, 706, 801) 60 lbs N/A (20 gal/A); F6 (106, 209, 308, 402, 506, 609, 708, 802) 80 lbs N/A (26.8 gal/A); F7 (107, 201, 307, 408, 507, 601, 707, 808) 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A); F8 (108, 207, 303, 405, 508, 607, 703, 805) 120 lbs N/A (40 gal/A); F9 (109, 206, 301, 409, 509, 606, 701, 809) 140 lbs N/A (46.9 gal/A). Guard plots were sprayed at rates comparable to adjacent treatment plots. 1.0 orifices were used f3-f9 just variation in speed and pressure to get desired rate. Time of application was between 10:30 a.m. and 12:50 p.m. Conditions at 11:45 a.m. were sunny temperature was 69.6 F, 50.7% relative humidity with 6-8 mph West wind. Conditions at 12:50 p.m. were partly cloudy 70.4 degrees F, 46.1 % humidity, with 9-10 mph West wind.

2019-05-06 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site winter wheat treatment T3 all replications (6, 5, 4, 2, 1, 3), Plots were fertilized with 9 gallons per acre of (28-0-0). 28-0-0 weighs 10.67 lbs/gallon so 27 lbs of N/A was applied. Weather conditions 1:50 p.m. partly cloudy 73.1 degrees F, 39.8% humidity 8-10 mph West wind. Conditions 3:30 p.m. cloudy, 65.5 degrees F 59.9% humidity 9-10 mph North West winds and light sprinkle.

2019-05-08 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER winter wheat treatment T8nt all replications, Plots were fertilized with 14.4 gallons of (28-0-0). 28-0-0 weighs 10.67 lbs/gallon so 43 lbs of N/A was applied. Weather conditions 1:50 p.m. over cast and light sprinkle, 52.7 degrees F, 60.3% humidity 10-11 mph East wind.

2019-05-16 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Cellulsic Biofuels Experiment (CE Study) treatment CE4 and CE6, all replications. Treatments CE4: (plots 110, 203, 302, 404); and CE6: (plots 111, 204, 310, 406). Plots received 50 lbs N/A with 17 gallons/A 28% N liquid fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Weather conditions: 70.7 F overcast, 7-8 mph South West wind, 65.6% humidity.

2019-05-16 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilzed microplot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' microplot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A. Conditions: 10:30 a.m. overcast 67.5 degrees F, 65.6% humidity, 6-7 mph South West wind. Conditions at 11:25 a.m. overcast 70.7 degrees F 60.8 % humidity, 7-8 mph South West wind.

2019-05-16 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatment G10, MICROPLOT area only, all replications. Treatment G10 microplots were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs / gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 17 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas: fertilized microplot areas 15' wide located on the west side of treatment plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the east side of the treatment plot G10R1; unfertilized areas which were the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the west side of treatment plot G10R1. The fertilized 15' microplot received 50 lbs N/A. The unfertilized 76.86' was NOT fertilized. Conditions: 10:30 a.m. overcast 67.5 degrees F, 65.6% humidity, 6-7 mph South West wind. Conditions at 11:25 a.m. overcast 70.7 degrees F 60.8 % humidity, 7-8 mph South West wind.

2019-05-17 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 = 0 lbs/A (108, 201, 307, 408); SWF2 = 25 lbs N/A (8.4 gal/A) (104, 206, 308, 407); SWF3 = 50 lbs N/A (16.7 gal/A) (102, 202, 302, 406); SWF4 = 75 lbs N/A (25.1 gal/A) (105, 208, 305, 405); SWF5 = 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A) (101, 205, 304, 404); SWF6 = 125 lbs N/A (41.8 gal/A) (107, 207, 301, 403); SWF7 = 150 lbs N/A (50.2 gal/A) (106, 204, 306, 402); SWF8 = 175 lbs N/A (58.6 gal/A) (103, 203, 303, 401). Weather Conditions: 9:50 a.m. over cast 58.4 degrees F, 8-9 mph, NE winds, 76.1 % humidity. Conditions at end 11:00 a.m. Overcast 60.7 degrees F, 7-8 mph NE winds, 69.5 % humidity. A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast apply the correct amount of fertilizer. The sprayer was controlled by a John Deere Rate Controller.

2019-06-01 Fertilizer Application Fertilized Interaction plots (1, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16). These plots historically are the fertilized plots. Plots fertilized with 28% fertilizer at 17 gallons per acre. 28% weighs 10.67 lbs per gallon so around 50 lbs of actual N/A. Plots (12, 14, 15, 16) were fertilized on 5-31-2019, had an issue with spray that day so could not finish. Remaining plots (1, 5, 7, 10) fertilized 6-1-2019.

2020-05-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Cellulsic Biofuels Experiment (CE Study) treatment CE4 and CE6, all replications. Treatments CE4: (plots 110, 203, 302, 404); and CE6: (plots 111, 204, 310, 406). Plots received 50 lbs N/A with 16.7 gallons/A 28% N liquid fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Weather conditions: 11:00 a.m overcast, light drizzle,60 degrees F, 4-6 mph East wind, 95.7 % humidity.

2020-05-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized Interaction plots (1, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16). These plots historically are the fertilized plots. Plots fertilized with 28% fertilizer at 16.7 gallons per acre. 28% weighs 10.67 lbs per gallon so around 50 lbs of actual N/A. Weather conditions 11:00 a.m. overcast, light drizzle, 60 degrees F, 4-6 mph East wind, 95.7 % humidity

2020-05-21 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilzed microplot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' microplot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A. Conditions: 12:40 p.m. overcast 66.3 degrees F, 60.4% humidity, 4-6 mph East wind. Conditions at 3:00 p.m. overcast 69.6 degrees F 60.7 % humidity, 9-11 mph East wind.

2020-05-21 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatment G10, MICROPLOT area only, all replications. Treatment G10 microplots were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs / gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas: fertilized microplot areas 15' wide located on the west side of treatment plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the east side of the treatment plot G10R1; unfertilized areas which were the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the west side of treatment plot G10R1. The fertilized 15' microplot received 50 lbs N/A. The unfertilized 76.86' was NOT fertilized. Conditions: 12:40 p.m. overcast 66.3 degrees F, 60.4% humidity, 4-6 mph East wind. Conditions at 3:00 p.m. overcast 69.6 degrees F 60.7 % humidity, 9-11 mph East wind.

2020-05-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 = 0 lbs/A (108, 201, 307, 408); SWF2 = 25 lbs N/A (8.4 gal/A) (104, 206, 308, 407); SWF3 = 50 lbs N/A (16.7 gal/A) (102, 202, 302, 406); SWF4 = 75 lbs N/A (25.1 gal/A) (105, 208, 305, 405); SWF5 = 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A) (101, 205, 304, 404); SWF6 = 125 lbs N/A (41.8 gal/A) (107, 207, 301, 403); SWF7 = 150 lbs N/A (50.2 gal/A) (106, 204, 306, 402); SWF8 = 175 lbs N/A (58.6 gal/A) (103, 203, 303, 401). Weather Conditions: 10:12 a.m. over cast, heavy drizzle 59.5 degrees F, 1-2 mph, E winds, 96.8 % humidity. A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast apply the correct amount of fertilizer. The sprayer was controlled by a John Deere Rate Controller.

2020-05-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the LTER Main Site treatment T6 all replications (5, 3, 4, 2, 1, 6) with 28% nitrogen. Applied at 16.7 gallons per acre equaling 50 lbs/A of nitrogen. Weight per gallon of 28% fertilizer is 10.67 lbs/gallon. The two 30ft by 30ft micro plots in the north west corner of each plot did not receive fertilizer. Weather conditions at the start 12:20 p.m. overcast 64.7 degrees F, 3-5 mph East wind, 85.8 % humidity. Conditions at the end 2:10 p.m. overcast 67.2 degrees F, 4-6 mph South East wind, 74.8 % humidity.

2021-05-26 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Cellulsic Biofuels Experiment (CE Study) treatment CE4 and CE6, all replications. Treatments CE4: (plots 110, 203, 302, 404); and CE6: (plots 111, 204, 310, 406). Plots received 50 lbs N/A with 16.7 gallons/A 28% N liquid fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Weather: 74.4 degrees F/ 12.28mph wind speed/ Northwest Wind/ 41.6% relative humidity.

2021-05-26 Fertilizer Application Fertilized Interaction plots (1, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16). These plots historically are the fertilized plots. Plots fertilized with 28% fertilizer at 16.7 gallons per acre. 28% weighs 10.67 lbs per gallon so around 50 lbs of actual N/A. Weather: 73.8 degrees F/ 11.99 wind speed/ Northwest Wind/ 42.8% relative humidity.

2021-05-27 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the LTER Main Site treatment T6 all replications (5, 3, 4, 2, 1, 6) with 28% nitrogen. Applied at 16.7 gallons per acre equaling 50 lbs/A of nitrogen. Weight per gallon of 28% fertilizer is 10.67 lbs/gallon. The first 30ft micro plot (bromegrass) in northwest corner was not fertilized. The first 15ft of the second micro plot in northwest corner was not fertilized. The second 15ft of the second micro plot in northwest corner was fertilized. All reps were fertilized this way. We realized after applying fertilizer this way that we should not have fertilized the second 30ft micro plot at all (see aglog for 2020 fertilizer application. In 2020 in order to get a fertilized micro plot sample at harvest, we measured 15ft passed the second microplot into the main plot and harvest with JD 7330 and kemper head. Weather conditions at the start 9:00am partly cloudy 50 degrees F, 6.31mph northeast wind, 58.6 % humidity. Conditions at the end 11:25am partly cloudy 57 degrees F, 3.27 east wind, 39.7 % humidity.

2021-05-27 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 = 0 lbs/A (108, 201, 307, 408); SWF2 = 25 lbs N/A (8.4 gal/A) (104, 206, 308, 407); ***Rep 104 received 25.1gal/A on accident. 206,308,407 received 8.4gal/A SWF3 = 50 lbs N/A (16.7 gal/A) (102, 202, 302, 406); SWF4 = 75 lbs N/A (25.1 gal/A) (105, 208, 305, 405); SWF5 = 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A) (101, 205, 304, 404); SWF6 = 125 lbs N/A (41.8 gal/A) (107, 207, 301, 403); SWF7 = 150 lbs N/A (50.2 gal/A) (106, 204, 306, 402); SWF8 = 175 lbs N/A (58.6 gal/A) (103, 203, 303, 401). Weather Conditions: 1:00pm, partly cloudy, 61.8 degrees F, 6.35mph east wind, 37.6% humidity. A single pass from 30' top air sprayer using chafer stream bars was used. Half of sprayer was turned off to get 15'. The sprayer was controlled by a John Deere Rate Controller.

2023-07-05 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 = 0 lbs/A (108, 201, 307, 408); SWF2 = 25 lbs N/A (8.2 gal/A) (104, 206, 308, 407); SWF3 = 50 lbs N/A (16.7 gal/A) (102, 202, 302, 406); SWF4 = 75 lbs N/A (25.1 gal/A) (105, 208, 305, 405); SWF5 = 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A) (101, 205, 304, 404); SWF6 = 125 lbs N/A (41.8 gal/A) (107, 207, 301, 403); SWF7 = 150 lbs N/A (50.2 gal/A) (106, 204, 306, 402); SWF8 = 175 lbs N/A (58.6 gal/A) (103, 203, 303, 401). A single pass from 30' top air sprayer using chafer stream bars was used. Half of sprayer was turned off to get 15'. SWF2 plots were applied using the Teejet 015 green SJ3 tips. The sprayer was controlled by a John Deere Rate Controller. Weather Conditions: 2:00 pm: partly cloudy, light shower during end of application 78.4°F 3.6 mph Southwest wind, 75.4% humidity.

2023-07-05 Fertilizer Application T6 (4, 3, 2, 1, 5, 6) plots and CE study switchgrass plots CE4 and CE6 (110, 203, 302, 404, 111, 204, 310, 406) were fertilized with 28% U.A.N. nitrogen fertilizer at 16.7 Gallons per Acre, applying 50 lb N per Acre. Bromegrass and unfertilized mircoplots in Northwest corner of plots were avoided. Weather Conditions at 4:25 pm: Partly Cloudy 87.4°F 6.51 mph Southwest wind 49.1% RH