Name: Gandy Air Seeder

2005-04-16 Fertilizer Application Applied 0-0-60, potash fertilizer, at 50 lbs/A (56.14 kg/ha) to treatment 1, replications 6, 1, 5, 2, 3, and 4, and treatment 2, replications 1, 6, 2, 3, 4, and 5. The 50 lbs/A provided 30 lbs/A of K20 to the plots. The fertilizer was applied with the JD 7400 tractor traveling at 5 mph and Gandy Orbit-Air with a 15 ft boom.

2005-04-19 Fertilizer Application Applied 0-0-60, potash fertilizer, at 50 lbs/A (56.14 kg/ha) to treatment 3, replications 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1, The 50 lbs/A provided 30 lbs/A of K20 to the plots. The fertilizer was applied with the JD 7400 tractor traveling at 5 mph and Gandy Orbit-Air with a 15 ft boom.

2004-03-13 Planting Frost seeded medium red clover at 12 lbs/acre (13.47 kg/ha) into winter wheat on the main site treatment 3, all replications, reps: 3, 1, 2, 4, 5, & 6. Clover was seeded with a John Deere 5220 traveling at 5 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm's, and a Gandy Air Seeder. Gandy motor setting was 2.0 and gates were in the middle position. The boom height on the air seeder was 24 inches from the ground. The clover seed was pre-inoculated with Rhizobium Inoculum. Rhizobium is a nitrogen fixing bacteria. [T3, R1-6]

2005-03-16 Planting Frost seeded medium red clover at 9 lbs/acre (10.1 kg/ha) into winter wheat on the main site biodiversity study treatment 3, 6, and 17, all replications. Clover was seeded with a John Deere 5220 traveling at 5 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm's, and a Gandy Air Seeder. Gandy motor setting was 2.0 and gates were in the middle position. The boom height on the air seeder was 24 inches from the ground.

2005-06-30 Planting Seeded red clover to treatments 4, 7, and 15 in the biodiverisity study. Seeded the clover with the JD 5220 tractor and grandy air seeder.

2003-04-02 Planting Frost seeded medium red clover in the biodiversity study trt's B5, B8, & B17. Clover was seeded at 15 lbs/A using a Gandy Air Seeder and JD 5400 tractor in B3 1400 RPM = 4 MPH.

2003-07-03 Planting (entry 2) Row cultivated all corn treatments in the biodiversity study. Row cultivation was done with JD 6400 and 6 row Case IH row cultivator. After row cultivation red clover was applied at 15 lbs/A in a 20 inch band on treatments B3, B6, and B15 in the biodiversity study. The clover was applied with the JD 5400 at 4 mph, B3 1500 rpm's, and Gandy Air seeder, gate setting was 1.15.

2003-07-23 Planting Applied crimson clover at 15 lbs/A on treatment B4 of the biodiversity study. The clover was applied at 4 mph using the JD 5400 gear B3 1500 rpm's, and Grandy Air Seeder motor setting at 1.95, the gates were 1/2 open, set in the middle position.

1998-03-01 Planting Frost seeded covercrop Mammoth red clover (Trifolium pratense) with Gandy Orbit air seeder 12 lbs/a (13 kg/ha) [T3, T4]

2006-03-15 Planting 3-15-06 Frost seeded medium red clover at 12 lbs/acre (13.5 kg/ha) into winter wheat in the biodiversity study treatment?s 5, 8, and 17, all replications, plot numbers B5: 114, 217, 312, and 405, B8: 118, 214, 310, and 408, B17: 116, 211, 302, and 417. Clover was seeded with a John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 4 mph, gear C1 at 1300 rpm's, and a Gandy Air Seeder. Gandy motor setting was 1.1 and gates were all the way open. The boom height on the air seeder was 24 inches from the ground. The clover seed was NOT inoculated, pre or at seeding time.

1996-07-01 Fertilizer Application {{PL: (entry 2) Gene Transfer Plots had 140 lb N/A applied using the Gandy Air Seeder and JD 7400 Tractor. Rotation Entry Point TRT 1 and 2 had 120 lb N applied/A. Cut the Lysimeter (2nd cut) alfalfa field with haybine. Cut TRT 1 and 2 LTER Main Site Alfalfa.}}

1996-07-01 Fertilizer Application {{PL: (entry 1) Gene Transfer Plots had 140 lb N/A applied using the Gandy Air Seeder and JD 7400 Tractor. Rotation Entry Point TRT 1 and 2 had 120 lb N applied/A. Cut the Lysimeter (2nd cut) alfalfa field with haybine. Cut TRT 1 and 2 LTER Main Site Alfalfa.}}

2010-06-01 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the GLBRC Main Site Treatment G8 Poplar trees, all replications (reps. 2, 1, 4, 5, and 3). Trees fertilized with ammonium nitrate at 140 lbs N/A (412 lbs NH4NO3/A). Fertilizer was applied in 2 passes using a three-point mounted Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator with a 6.5' boom length on which were mounted 8 nozzles; however, the nozzles were set to apply the fertilizer over the entire 8' distance between tree rows. Calibration rates were determined based on an 8' boom length. The Gandy was pulled by a John Deere 4400 compact tractor. The Gandy was calibrated to apply 1.125 lbs /min/nozzle when traveling in drive setting A at maximim velocity with 2500 engine RPMs. For each treatment plot, a 15' unfertilized microplot area was left on the southern side of the plot. Because of the staggered planting arrangement, either 3 or 4 trees in each row were in the microplot. Weather conditions: initially partly cloudy to sunny at end. Temperatures 68-80 degrees F. Initial relative humidity was 92%. No wind.

2010-03-22 Planting Air seeded LTER Main Site Treatment T4 with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed was from DKB Farms & Services LLC, Columbiaville MI 48421 Lot S 80 100023 DKBCLO8: OCIA Certiified Organic Clover Lot# B1E1-2J3J4A-BJ5O108 (Member ID 11449). Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 20” apart. Gandy motor setting was 1.6 and gates on the Gandy were all the way open. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Temperature was 35'52°F, wind was northeast at 10-13 mph, relative humidity was 46%. All replicates were seeded in 18 passes across the field, replicate order was R6, R5, R3, R1, R2, and R4.

2010-03-19 Planting Airseeded LTER Main Site Biodiversity Study treatments B4, B7, and B17 with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed was from DKB Farms & Services LLC, Columbiaville MI 48421 Lot S 80 100023 DKBCLO8: OCIA Certiified Organic Clover Lot# B1E1-2J3J4A-BJ5O108 (Member ID 11449). Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 20” apart. Gandy motor setting was 1.6 and gates on the Gandy were all the way open. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. Temperature was 59°F, wind was from west at 8-10 mph.

2010-03-19 Planting Airseeded LTER Main Site Treatment T3 with Medium Red Clover at 12 lbs/A. Clover seed was from DKB Farms & Services LLC, Columbiaville MI 48421 Lot S 80 100023 DKBCLO8: OCIA Certiified Organic Clover Lot# B1E1-2J3J4A-BJ5O108 (Member ID 11449). Clover was seeded with John Deere 5220 tractor traveling at 5.0 mph, gear C1 at 1600 rpm’s, and Gandy Air Seeder (15 ft boom length) equipped with 8 deflectors spaced 20” apart. Gandy motor setting was 1.6 and gates on the Gandy were all the way open. Boom height was 23 inches from the ground, bottom of the defectors were 20 inches from the ground. All replicates were seeded in 18 passes across the field, replicate order was R5, R4, R2, R3, R1, and R6.

2011-06-07 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site treatment T5 replication 4 only with 27% ammonium nitrate (YaraBela CAN-27 granular). Trees were fertilized with ammonium nitrate at 140 lbs N/A (518 lbs CAN-27/A). Fertilizer was applied in 2 passes using a three-point mounted Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator with a 6.5' boom length on which were mounted 8 nozzles; however, the nozzles were set to apply the fertilizer over the entire 8' distance between tree rows. Calibration rates were determined based on an 8' boom length. The Gandy was pulled by a John Deere 4400 compact tractor. The Gandy was calibrated to apply 0.784 lbs/min/nozzle when travelling 3.0 mph in drive setting A at maximum velocity with 2800 engine RPMs. For each treatment plot, a 50' unfertilized microplot area was left as the north 50' of the plot. Because of the staggered planting arrangement of the trees, either 10 or 11 trees in each row were in the microplot. Weather conditions: Sunny, temperatures up to 92 degrees F. No wind.

2011-06-08 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site treatment T5 replications 1, 2 and 3 only with 27% ammonium nitrate (YaraBela CAN-27 granular). Trees were fertilized with ammonium nitrate at 140 lbs N/A (518 lbs CAN-27/A). Fertilizer was applied in 2 passes using a three-point mounted Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator with a 6.5' boom length on which were mounted 8 nozzles; however, the nozzles were set to apply the fertilizer over the entire 8' distance between tree rows. Calibration rates were determined based on an 8' boom length. The Gandy was pulled by a John Deere 4400 compact tractor. The Gandy was calibrated to apply 0.784 lbs/min/nozzle when travelling 3.0 mph in drive setting A at maximum velocity with 2800 engine RPMs. For each treatment plot, a 50' unfertilized microplot area was left as the north 50' of the plot. Because of the staggered planting arrangement of the trees, either 10 or 11 trees in each row were in the microplot. Weather conditions: Sunny, temperatures up to 95 degrees F. Wind W 3-5 mph.

2011-06-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site treatment T5 replication 5 only with 27% ammonium nitrate (YaraBela CAN-27 granular). Trees were fertilized with ammonium nitrate at 140 lbs N/A (518 lbs CAN-27/A). Fertilizer was applied in 2 passes using a three-point mounted Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator with a 6.5' boom length on which were mounted 8 nozzles; however, the nozzles were set to apply the fertilizer over the entire 8' distance between tree rows. Calibration rates were determined based on an 8' boom length. The Gandy was pulled by a John Deere 4400 compact tractor. The Gandy was calibrated to apply 0.784 lbs/min/nozzle when travelling 3.0 mph in drive setting A at maximum velocity with 2800 engine RPMs. For each treatment plot, a 50' unfertilized microplot area was left as the north 50' of the plot. Because of the staggered planting arrangement of the trees, either 10 or 11 trees in each row were in the microplot. Weather conditions: Partly cloudy, temperatures 71-78 degrees F. Wind variable 0-10 mph out of the south. Relative humidity 84%.

2011-06-28 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER Main Site treatment T5 replication 6 only with 27% ammonium nitrate (YaraBela CAN-27 granular). Trees were fertilized with ammonium nitrate at 140 lbs N/A (518 lbs CAN-27/A). Fertilizer was applied in 2 passes using a three-point mounted Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator with a 6.5' boom length on which were mounted 8 nozzles; however, the nozzles were set to apply the fertilizer over the entire 8' distance between tree rows. Calibration rates were determined based on an 8' boom length. The Gandy was pulled by a John Deere 4400 compact tractor. The Gandy was calibrated to apply 0.784 lbs/min/nozzle when travelling 3.0 mph in drive setting A at maximum velocity with 2800 engine RPMs. For each treatment plot, a 50' unfertilized microplot area was left as the north 50' of the plot. Because of the staggered planting arrangement of the trees, either 10 or 11 trees in each row were in the microplot. Weather conditions: Partly cloudy, temperatures 68-75 degrees F. Wind variable 0-10 mph out of the southwest. Relative humidity 61%.

2011-07-29 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the LTER Main Site Treatment T5 fertilizer microplots (all replications: 5, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6) located as the north 50 feet of the T5 main plots. Only the microplots corresponding to treatments N2 (50 lbs N/acre, single application in 2011), N3 (100 lbs N/acre, single application in 2011), N4 (50 lbs N/acre, annual applications starting in 2011), N5 (100 lbs N/acre, annual applications starting in 2011) were fertilized. Fertilizer was applied as granular CAN27 which is a 27% ammonium nitrate + calcium fertilizer. For the 50 lbs N/acre microplots, the fertilizer was applied in a single pass of the applicator. For the 100 lbs N/acre microplots, the fertilizer was applied in two passes of the applicator. Applied using the JohnDeere 4400 garden tractor and the small Gandy air-seeder. The Gandy was calibrated to apply the equivalent of 8' of width of fertilizer, but into a 6' wide pass. All microplots were 6 rows of trees wide (approximately 47.8'). The five alleys inside the microplots received the full amount of fertilizer. The two outside alleys received only 1/2 rate of the fertilizer and then only on the 1/2 of the width of the alley corresponding to that microplot.

2012-05-09 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the LTER Main Site Treatment T5 fertilizer microplots (all replications: 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1) located as the north 50 feet of the T5 main plots. Only the microplots corresponding to treatments N4 (50 lbs N/acre, annual applications starting in 2011), and N5 (100 lbs N/acre, annual applications starting in 2011) were fertilized. Fertilizer was applied as granular CAN27 which is a 27% ammonium nitrate + calcium fertilizer. For the 50 lbs N/acre microplots, the fertilizer was applied in a single pass of the applicator. For the 100 lbs N/acre microplots, the fertilizer was applied in two passes of the applicator. Applied using the JohnDeere 4400 garden tractor and the small Gandy air-seeder. The Gandy was calibrated to apply the equivalent of 8' of width of fertilizer, but into a 6' wide pass (122.7 g/nozzle/15 seconds). Application speed was 2.9 mph. Weather was mostly sunny, 63 degrees F, approximately 52% relative humidity. Inside the tree canopy, wind was calm. All microplots were 6 rows of trees wide (approximately 47.8'). The five alleys inside the microplots received the full amount of fertilizer. The two outside alleys received the fertilizer only on the 1/2 of the width of the alley corresponding to that microplot and the applied amount corresponded to only a 4' width.

2012-05-21 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the LTER Main Site treatment N-rate Study (Nitrogen Fertility Gradient/Irrigation Experiment), selected plots only with lime. Lime was applied at three different rates: 1 ton/A, 2 ton/A, and 2.5 ton/A. All applications were with multiple passes over the plots to reach the correct amount (the gandy applicator has a limitation of a maximum application rate of approximately 800 lbs/A due to product flow through the hoses). Plots to which 1 ton/A was applied were the following: (F1) 309; (F3) 103, 205; (F4) 208; (F5) 306, 401; (F6) 106; (F7) 307, 707; (F8) 303, 607; (F9) 509, 606, 809. Plots to which 2 ton/A was applied were the following: (F6) 209, 308, 402; (F7) 201, 408; (F8) 207, 405, 703; (F9) 109, 206, 301, 409, 701. Plots to which 2.5 ton/A was applied were the following: (F8) 108. Applied with the John Deere 7420a tractor traveling 0.9-1.2 mph (range A1, 1100-1400 rpm) and a Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator controlled by a Raven 6000 which monitored the application and automatically adjusted the metering rate for changes in ground speed. For the Gandy/Raven set-up, the following were used: Density 75 lbs/cu ft; metering wheel 1 1/4” diameter (yellow); deflector spacing 22”; meter cal number 175; air pressure was 13-14 p.s.i.; Boom length 15 feet extending from the center of the Gandy to the right only, nozzles 16-24 inches above the ground level. Weather conditions: cloudy, temperatures 60 degrees F.

2012-05-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the LTER Main Site treatment N-rate Study (Nitrogen Fertility Gradient/Irrigation Experiment) with phosphorus. Three application rates were applied over the complete study: 110 lbs/A, 65 lbs/A and 0 lbs/A. All of the Non-irrigated study area received 65 lbs/A of product EXCEPT plots 308, 309, 411, 402, 403, 404 and 405. The 65 lbs/A of 0-46-0 supplied 30 lbs/A of P2O5. All of the Irrigated study area received 110 lbs/A of product EXCEPT plots 503 and 703. The 110 lbs/A of 0-46-0 supplied 50.6 lbs/A of P2O5. Plots which did NOT receive any product were 308, 309, 411, 402, 403, 404, 405, 503, and 703. Guard plots received the same application rate as the treatment to which they were the closest. Applied in a single application of using the John Deere 7420a tractor traveling 4.3 mph (range B3, 1350 rpm) and a Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator controlled by a Raven 6000 which monitored the application and automatically adjusted the metering rate for changes in ground speed. For the Gandy/Raven set-up, the following were used: Density 60 lbs/cu ft; metering wheel 1 1/4” diameter (yellow); deflector spacing 22”; meter cal number 210; air pressure was 13-14 p.s.i.; Boom length 30 ft, nozzles 16-24 inches above the ground level. Weather conditions: mostly sunny temperatures 69 degrees F.

2012-05-23 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the Lysimeter field with phosphorus. This field area received 150 lbs/A of product which supplied 69 lbs/A of P2O5. Applied in a single application of using the John Deere 7420a tractor traveling 4.3 mph (range B3, 1350 rpm) and a Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator controlled by a Raven 6000 which monitored the application and automatically adjusted the metering rate for changes in ground speed. For the Gandy/Raven set-up, the following were used: Density 60 lbs/cu ft; metering wheel 1 1/4” diameter (yellow); deflector spacing 22”; meter cal number 210; air pressure was 13-14 p.s.i.; Boom length 30 ft, nozzles 16-24 inches above the ground level. Weather conditions: mostly sunny temperatures 69 degrees F.

2012-05-22 Fertilizer Application Fertilized the LTER Main Site Treatment T6 alfalfa, all replications (reps 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, and 1) with phosphorus. A total of 200 lbs/A of product was applied which supplied 92 lbs/A of P2O5. Applied in a single application of using the John Deere 7420a tractor traveling 4.3 mph (range B3, 1350 rpm) and a Gandy Orbit-Air fertilizer applicator controlled by a Raven 6000 which monitored the application and automatically adjusted the metering rate for changes in ground speed. For the Gandy/Raven set-up, the following were used: Density 60 lbs/cu ft; metering wheel 1 1/4” diameter (yellow); deflector spacing 22”; meter cal number 210; air pressure was 13-14 p.s.i.; Boom length 30 ft, nozzles 16-24 inches above the ground level. Weather conditions: mostly sunny temperatures 69 degrees F.

2004-06-30 Fertilizer Application Applied nitrogen to both N-rate studies. Applied ammonium-nitrate to the corn in the studies. Row cultivated (twice) after the application of the ammonium-nitrate was applied. The reason we cultivated twice was to make sure we incorporated all the fertilizer into the soil. The second time we cultivated we went in the opposite direction of the first cultivation.

2006-09-25 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER alleyways.

2004-07-13 Planting Seeded red clover in the biodiversity plots, treatments B5, B8, and B15. Plot numbers: B5 (114, 217, 312, and 405); B8 (118, 214, 310, and 408); B15 (112, 2113, 301, and 415). Clover was seeded at 15 llbs/A Clover was seed with the JD 5400 tractor traveling 4 mph (B3, 1550 rpm). Used Todd's Gandy (15' wide) motor was set at 1.0 gate opening was half closed.

2021-05-20 Planting Hemp: Fertilize entire field with urea AMS blend. Roller crimp T3,4. Erin Burns Sprayed herbicide. Plant 47.5 lbs./acre bailobreskie industrial hemp with no till drill, 1/2" deep.

2021-05-25 Fertilizer Application Fertilize corn with urea AMS blend.

2021-07-27 Soil Preparation fertilize, soil finish, and plant cover crop trial.

2022-05-10 Fertilizer Application Apply 8.3-14.4-27-8.17 N-P-K-S fertilizer bled at 278 lbs./acre.

2022-05-10 Fertilizer Application Apply 14-20.7-15.2-7.34 N-P-K-S fertilizer bled at 175 lbs./acre.

2022-05-10 Fertilizer Application Fertilize north 2/3 (soybean area) with potash/ammonium sulfate blend.

2022-05-10 Fertilizer Application Fertilize with 8.3-14.4-27-8.17 N-P-K-S bled at 100 lbs. per acre.

2022-06-03 Fertilizer Application Fertilize hemp with 30 N per acre (urea).

2021-10-20 Planting Fertilize fields at 30 lbs. N, 50 lbs. P, 10 lbs. S per acre with a blend of MAP, AMS, and urea. Plant winter barley trials in D2 and rye trial on north edge of E2.

2022-02-28 Planting Frost seed coated organic medium red clover from Byrons seeds at 12 lbs/acre.

2022-03-02 Planting Frost seed tall fescue on LTAR allies at 16 lbs/ acre.

2022-04-05 Fertilizer Application Apply 75-0-60-10 lbs./acre of N-P-K-S to Winter Malting Barley Trial., U. of Minn. barley varieties, Rey variety trial, and winter barley management. The south 15' of F2 were at 2/3 rate because of material shortage and changes to field boundary.

2022-04-12 Soil Preparation South portion of E2 was fertilized at 50-0-40-10 lbs./acre N-P-K-S, then disked and planed with spring barley variety trial. South portion of B0 was fertilized at 70-0-60-15 lbs./acre N-P-K-S, then disked and planed with oat variety trial.

2022-04-12 Soil Preparation South portion of E2 was fertilized at 50-0-40-10 lbs./acre N-P-K-S, then disked and planed with spring barley variety trial. South portion of B0 was fertilized at 70-0-60-15 lbs./acre N-P-K-S, then disked and planed with oat variety trial.

2022-04-21 Fertilizer Application Fertilize ASP3,4,5 plots with fertilizer blend.

2022-04-27 Fertilizer Application Fertilize ASP2 plots and B0 extra oats at 10.5-0-60-12 lbs./acre N-P-K-S.

2022-04-27 Fertilizer Application Fertilize plots with 8.3-14.4-27-8.17 % N-P-K-S (23-40-75-22.7 lbs./A) West half of BAU2R2 accidently received and additional 37-55-40-19.5 lbs. N-P-K-S/acre

2022-04-28 Fertilizer Application Fertilize plots with 14-20.7-15.2-7.34 % N-P-K-S (37-55-40-19.5 lbs./A)

2022-06-23 Planting Interseed corn with blend of 150 lbs. Crimson Clover, 100 lbs. Nitro Radish, and 50 lbs. Dwarf Essex Rape at 5.3 lbs. per acre (target rate was 6 lbs. per acre). ASP1F2 and C1 were not seeded until 6/24.

2022-08-17 Fertilizer Application Fertilize forage crops with a blend of potash, urea, and ammonium sulfate.

2019-05-14 Fertilizer Application Applied 114 lb/A ESN Urea with Gandy broadcast spreader on the WEST 30' of each replication.

2022-09-30 Soil Preparation Fertilize with a blend to achieve 30-30-0-10 lbs. per acre of N-P-K-S for small grain trial. Soil finish working east and west except for one no till wheat treatment and one till after broadcasting wheat seed. The south portion of B1 had been disked on 9/13 and 9/23 to kill volunteer canola. A3 east not fertilized/soil finished until 10/3. The broadcast 1.2m and 1.6m seeds per acre and to till after broadcast treatments were soil finished on 10/3 when Peninton wheat planting equipment trial was seeded.

2022-10-06 Fertilizer Application Apply dry fertilizer to wheat starter fertilizer trial at two rates.

2022-12-07 Planting Plant prairie seed in strips and plots to augment initial planting. 1 lb. PLS prairie blend and 14 lbs. oats and annual rye grass per acre.

2022-05-20 Fertilizer Application Fertilize no manure micro plot to equal first year availability of manure. 29.5-33-132 lbs. per acre N-P-K.

2023-03-20 Planting Frost seed certified organic red clover in B2W and cover crop plots of biochar field (T4,7,8).

2023-05-12 Planting Soybean Planting Equipment trial. Plant soybeans at 130k on 30" rows and 15" rows (5/11). Drill on 7.5" rows as 130k (5/11). Broadcast with shallow incorporation at 130k and 160k seeds per acre (5/12).

2023-05-16 Fertilizer Application Fertilize no-manure sub-plot to equal first year availability of N and P2O5 and total K2O. Rates are calculated on May 2022 manure sample because 2023 test results are not available yet. 22-34-125 N-P-K lbs. per acre.

2023-04-12 Fertilizer Application Fertilize north half of field, including wheat variety trial, with 2000 lbs./acre 18F non-GMO soybean meal. Meal is 47% protean ~ 85 lbs. N per acre.

2023-05-30 Soil Preparation Fertilize the west part of the field at 100 lbs. N and 36 lbs. S per acre; soil finish to incorporate. Plant hemp variety trial seed: Brook drove, and Josh loaded seed packets into the cone seeder. The area was then sprayed with Sonalan.

2023-07-10 Planting Interseed cover crops in corn at 6 lbs. seed per acre. Corn was at V6 growth stage. 3,2,1 lbs. each of Crimson Clover, Nitro Radish, and Dwarf Essex Rape.

2023-07-11 Planting Interseed cover crops in corn at 6 lbs. seed per acre. Corn was at V6 growth stage. 3,2,1 lbs. each of Crimson Clover, Nitro Radish, and Dwarf Essex Rape.

2023-11-16 Planting broadcast rye at 60 lbs./acre into asp corn stubble and into canola in alternating 15' strips starting on the west side of IP1.

2024-03-12 Planting Broadcast coated Renegade Red Clover at 12 lbs. per acre on wheat trial.

2024-04-16 Fertilizer Application Apply fertilizer to south portion of field to prep for soybean planting.

2024-04-16 Fertilizer Application Fertilize no-manure micro-plots to first year availability of manure N-P-K. The rate is based on an average of 2022 and 2023 analysis because 2024 results were not available yet.

2024-04-16 Fertilizer Application Apply leftover portions of several old fertilizer blends to bait crop at 550 lbs. per acre. The material applied consisted of, in descending prevalence: potash, MAP, AMS, and urea.

2024-04-26 Planting Broadcast soybeans at 130k and 180k seeds per acre and incorporate. Drill soybeans 137k seeds per acre and planting depth of 1.25 inches. Treatments according to Soybean Planting Method map. Brook used Monosem for other treatments.

2024-05-23 Fertilizer Application Apply potash to T1 of swine manure fields.

2024-06-10 Fertilizer Application Apply 50 lbs. urea per acre to buckwheat in the west portion of the field.

2024-06-25 Planting Inter seed Nitro Radish into corn at 5 lbs. per acre.