Name: Backpack sprayer

2009-10-26 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replications 1 and 2 only with ”Liquid Fence(R) Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Noticable damage had been observed on several trees due to deer rubbing which resulted in breaking and striping bark from lead shoots. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on the stem and leaves from approximately 1' to 5' height. Trees with noticable rub damage had stem completely bathed with Liquid Fence. A total of 128 ozs of concentrate in a total of 16 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2009-09-14 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replication 2 only with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on growing tip and young leaves from approximately 1' to 5' height. A total of 128 ozs of concentrate in a total of 16 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2009-09-09 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replication 4 only with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on growing tip and young leaves from approximately 1' to 5' height. A total of 128 ozs of concentrate in a total of 16 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2009-09-11 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replication 3 only with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on growing tip and young leaves from approximately 1' to 5' height. A total of 128 ozs of concentrate in a total of 16 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2009-09-08 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replication 6 only with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on growing tip and young leaves from approximately 1' to 5' height. A total of 128 ozs of concentrate in a total of 16 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2009-09-04 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replication 1 and 5 only with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on growing tip and young leaves from approximately 1' to 5' height. A total of 128 ozs of concentrate in a total of 16 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2009-09-22 Cultural Control Sprayed GLBRC main site treatment G8 poplars all replication with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with a 4 gallon backpack sprayer. Only the outside-most trees on all sides of each plot were sprayed. Each tree was sprayed with focus on the growing tip and young leaves from approximately 1' to 5' height. Effort was made to completely cover all the leaves in that height zone, sprayed to the point of run-off. A total of 16 ozs of concentrate in a total of 2 gallons of H2O carrier was used on each 0.3 acre plot.

2009-10-21 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replications 3, 4 and 5 only with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on growing tip and young leaves from approximately 1' to 5' height. A total of 128 ozs of concentrate in a total of 16 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2009-07-27 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replication 1, 3, 4 and 5 only with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on growing tip and young leaves from approximately 0' to 5' height. A total of 64 ozs of concentrate in a total of 8 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2009-07-28 Cultural Control Sprayed LTER main site treatment T5 poplars replication 2 and 6 only with ”Liquid Fence® Deer & Rabbit Repellent” (The Liquid Fence Company, Brodheadsville, PA) for deer repellency effect. Liquid Fence was applied at a rate of 8 oz concentrate per gallon of H2O carrier. Spray was applied with backpack sprayers; each backpack sprayer had a capacity of 4 gallons. Each tree was individually sprayed with spray focused on growing tip and young leaves from approximately 0' to 5' height. A total of 64 ozs of concentrate in a total of 8 gallons of H2O carrier was used per each 2.47 acre (1 ha.) plot.

2013-01-07 Herbicide Application Greg Kowalewski and crew (from the Kellogg Forest) swabbed glysophate on the cut stems of the black locust stems in T7. They used a total of 20 gallons of glysophate to treat all of the plots between 2013-1-7 and 2013-3-1. Different replicates were treated on different dates. Actual dates were: R1 1/25/2013, 2/4/2013, and 2/5/2013 R2 1/7/2012 and 1/8/2012 R3 3/1/2013 R4 1/8/2012, 1/9/2012, 1/14/2012 and 1/15/2012 R5 1/15/2012, 1/16/2013 and 1/17/2012 R6 2/6/2013, 2/7/2013 and 2/20/2013 The glysophate was applied only the the stems and not uniformly across the site.

2019-05-07 Mechanical Weed Control Applied pre-emergence herbicide to poplar trees with backpack sprayer and 10 foot boom sprayer. Sprayed 3 quart per acre Prowl H2O and 5.6 ounce per acre Sceptor 70DG. Applied spray at 19 gal per acre solution.

2019-05-21 Mechanical Weed Control Applied pre-emergence herbicide to poplar trees with backpack sprayer and 10 foot boom sprayer. Sprayed 3 quart per acre Prowl H2O and 5.6 ounce per acre Sceptor 70DG. Applied spray at 19 gal per acre solution.

2021-04-12 Herbicide Application Preliminary cover crop termination prior to hemp planting in No Cover plots

2021-05-14 Herbicide Application Herbicide termination of cover crop in plots prior to hemp planting

2021-05-20 Herbicide Application cover crop and weed termination immediately following hemp planting

2021-06-17 Herbicide Application grass weed control in half of the hemp plots, post emergence.

2022-03-21 Herbicide Application Spray Lowry switchgrass plots (MIKE and GWAS) with 1.5 oz per gallon each of Sim-Trol 4L, Prowl H2O, and Roundup Power Max. Used 9 gallons. REI end 03/22/2022 4:30 pm

2022-03-21 Herbicide Application Spray Lowrie switchgrass (MIKE and GWAS) with 1.5 oz each per gallons of Sim-Trol 4L, Prowl H2O, and Roundup Power Max. A total of 9 gallons were used on approximately 1.3 acres.

2022-06-23 Herbicide Application There were numerus switchgrass seedlings around the GWAS research plants. They were sprayed with a solution of 1.5 oz. glyphosate concentrate per gallon of water. 18 oz in total were used.

2022-07-06 Herbicide Application Spray pokeweed in prairie strips with dicamba.

2013-07-09 Cultural Control Liquid fence was applied to poplar to ward off deer. Applied at a rate of 2lbs / 500 square feet.

2013-07-10 Cultural Control Liquid fence was applied to poplar to ward off deer. Applied at a rate of 2lbs / 500 square feet.

2013-08-08 Cultural Control Liquid fence was applied to poplar to ward off deer. Applied at a rate of 2lbs / 500 square feet.

2014-05-23 Cultural Control applied liquid fence to all poplar trees. 1 cup / 1 gallon water. sprayed until runoff.

2014-06-03 Cultural Control sprayed liquid fence on all newly emerging growth from 2014 planting. sprayed on newest growth of 2013 planting.

2023-04-03 Herbicide Application Apply simazine, pendimethalin, and glyphosate at a rate of 1.5 oz of concentrate each, per gallon of carrier, to Lowry switchgrass projects GWAS and MIKE to kill emerged weeds and suppress ungerminated weed seeds. Twelve gallons of solutions were used. Wind was 3mph from the southwest and temperature was 53 degrees Fahrenheit. The 24 hr. REI ends and 12:00 PM on April 4.

2023-04-14 Herbicide Application sprayed glyphosate to kill cool season grasses before switchgrass emerged. sprayed whole plot of G5, sprayed 6.6 foot borders on G6 (grasses from alley moving into plot). sprayed G8 around the border trees for heavy grass pressure.

2023-04-26 Herbicide Application Used backpack sprayer with 6.6' boom with 4 nozzles with 11015 tips spraying at 12 gallon solution per acre to spray glyphosate to kill cool season grasses before switchgrass emergence. sprayed whole plot of G5 & G7. sprayed 6.6 foot borders on G6 (grasses from alley moving into plot). sprayed G8 R1 alleys to control heavy grass pressure.

2023-05-26 Herbicide Application Spray broadleaf weeds around switchgrass plants in the GWAS and MIKE plots. 1.5 oz enlist one per gallon, used 12 gallons. Wind 7 mph from east, 72 F. Carrier water.

2023-07-17 Herbicide Application sprayed and string trimmed around all tree to keep weeds under control

2023-07-18 Herbicide Application hand sprayed glyphosate and string trimmed around all tree to keep weeds under control

2023-07-24 Herbicide Application hand sprayed glyphosate and string trimmed around all tree to keep weeds under control

2024-04-05 Herbicide Application Spray MIKE and GWAS switchgrass plants to suppress ungerminated seeds and kill broadleaf weeds. Apply simazine, pendimethalin, and 2,4-4 amine at a rate of 1.5 oz of concentrate each, per gallon of solution. Carrier was water. 12.67 gallons of solution were used. Wind 12 mph from NW, 45.6 degrees Fahrenheit.

2024-05-17 Herbicide Application Hannah Johnson from Erin Burns Lab completed herbicide application in research plots in C1-FSC using backpack sprayer

2024-05-29 Herbicide Application Hannah Johnson from Erin Burns lab sprayed plots of corn with herbicide and insecticide for research purposes