Name: 10' Tye ‘Series 5’ grain drill

1989-04-27 Planting Seeded ”Big Ten” Alfalfa, 12 lbs/a (13 kg/ha) [T6] {{PL: Also began planting the alfalfa today and finished two plots: #1-6 and 2-6. Used a 1- foot Tye Series 5 mounted grain drill to plant 'Big 10' Alfalfa from Great Lakes Hybrids at the rate of 12 pounds/acre. No companion crop used and no preplant herbicides used.}}

1989-04-28 Planting {{PL: We also planted the rest of this treatment to alfalfa today which included the following plots: #3-6, 4-6, 5-6, & 6-6. See April 27, 1989 for details on seeding rate and equipment. This completes all establishment activity on this treatment.}}

1988-11-03 Planting {{PL: This morning we began planting wheat in the appropriate Main Site plots – Treatments 3 and 4; the Low and Zero Inputs. Reps 1, 2, and 3 were completed today. Variety being planted is ‘Augusta’ and seeding rate is 2 bushels/acre. We are using a 10 foot wide Tye ‘Series 5’ grain drill with no-till implement carrier attached. Row spacing is 8 inches. The original intention was to try and plant onto ridges formed after the soybeans came of, but the weather and late date made that impossible. Because of soil moisture content we decided that the best thing to do was to go with no-till.

1988-11-04 Planting {{PL: Continued planting wheat on the main site plots today until a heavy rain made us quit. We were able to finish Reps 4 and 5 before the rain. See 11-03-88 for planting information. }}

1988-11-11 Planting {{PL: Today we were able to plant both plots in Rep 6 which were to be planted to wheat . Settings same as 11-03-88 minus the no-till implement carrier. It was quite wet and one plot gave us some trouble (Trt 3) but nothing too serious.}}

1988-05-24 Soil Preparation {{PL: After dragging and cultipacking the appropriate plots in the Rotation Study, Jim B. and Andrew Seitz planted Oats at 2 bushels/acre and Medium Red Clover at 12 pounds/acre using the Tye ‘Series 5’ No-till grain drill.}}

1988-05-24 Planting {{PL: Planted the soybeans in the No-till plots of the Rotation Study. The soil is very hard due to the dry conditions and proper planting depth was not achieved. Most seed was covered however. Because of the conditions the seeding rate was increased slightly compared to the other soybean plots in this study. Planted about 8 beans/foot (gear settings 14/26) of the Great Lakes Hybrid GL 2634. This completes planting of all plots in the Rotation Study. }}

2009-11-03 Harvest grain/soybean head

2013-07-19 Harvest Harvested LTER Main Site Treatments T3 and T4 soft red winter wheat, all replications. For all plots, collected the weight of grain in the east and west sides of the plot, percent moisture, and test weight. The west side of plot consisted of a headland (15' wide) pass along both the north and south side of the plot and then the remaining west half of the plot. The east side of the plot consisted of the remaining half of the plot. The number of rows of grain in both the east and west sides of the plot were counted and marked prior to harvesting. Wheat was combined off the plots using a John Deere 9410 combine. Weights were determined using a Unverferth weigh wagon equipped with weigh cells. Moistures were determined using a portable Dicky John grain analysis computer.

2013-06-07 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application on G5, G7, G10 at the Wisconsin central marginal site.

2013-06-07 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application on G5, G7, G10 at the Wisconsin central marginal site.

2013-06-10 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application on G5, G7, G10 at the Wisconsin north marginal site.

2013-06-10 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application on G5, G7, G10 at the Wisconsin north marginal site.

2013-06-10 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application on G5, G7, G10 at the Wisconsin southern marginal site.

2013-06-10 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application on G5, G7, G10 at the Wisconsin southern marginal site.

2013-07-18 Herbicide Application Post-emerge spray on switchgrass and miscanthus

2013-05-24 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge spray on miscanthus

2013-05-24 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge spray on miscanthus

2013-05-24 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge spray on Poplar

2013-05-24 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge spray on Poplar

2014-05-05 Herbicide Application treatments G5, G6 and G7 very weedy with bromegrass, quackgrass, winter annuals and new seedlings. switchgrass and miscantus was still dormant. Did observe a few shoots of miscanthus just starting to emerge. Did not find any germinating Canada rye, so sprayed G7 also. (side note: poplar buds just starting to swell)

2014-05-05 Herbicide Application treatments G5, G6 and G7 very weedy with bromegrass, quackgrass, winter annuals and new seedlings. switchgrass and miscantus was still dormant. Did observe a few shoots of miscanthus just starting to emerge. Did not find any germinating Canada rye, so sprayed G7 also. (side note: poplar buds just starting to swell)

2014-05-11 Herbicide Application sprayed burndown herbicide on early termination cover crops: annual ryegrass and red clover. sprayed all of oilseed radish treatment.

2014-04-27 Herbicide Application drove between all tree rows with boom set to 7.5 feet width. did NOT spray Prowl, only Scepter, due to concern of herbicide damage to new planting this spring. tree buds were not swelling, observed no new weeds emerging. trees had deer, rabbit and/or vole damage. grass from previous year will need to be controlled.

2014-04-27 Herbicide Application drove between all tree rows with boom set to 7.5 feet width. did NOT spray Prowl, only Scepter, due to concern of herbicide damage to new planting this spring. tree buds were not swelling, observed no new weeds emerging. trees had deer, rabbit and/or vole damage. grass from previous year will need to be controlled.

2014-05-14 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to all poplar leaves to keep deer from feeding. many of the trees had severe damage from overwinter feeding of deer/rabbits/voles.

2014-05-07 Cultural Control sprayed all leaves on poplar with deer deterrent, Liquid Fence. 1 cup concentrate/gallon water. used hand sprayer. no signs of deer damage.

2014-06-10 Herbicide Application sprayed treatments 5, 6, 7 for grass and broadleaf weeds. grass weeds were annuals, 2-4", broadleaves were a mix of annuals, biannuals, and perennials.

2014-06-10 Herbicide Application sprayed treatments 5, 6, 7 for grass and broadleaf weeds. grass weeds were annuals, 2-4", broadleaves were a mix of annuals, biannuals, and perennials.

2014-05-29 Cultural Control hand sprayed all foliage of poplar plus new planting with 1 cup per gallon water Liquid Fence. used a total of 1.5 gal

2014-05-16 Cultural Control sprayed Liquid Fence on all poplar foliage. 1 cup / 1 gallon water. sprayed until run off.

2014-06-12 Cultural Control sprayed all new growth on poplar trees. A couple of trees had some evidence of browsing from deer.

2014-06-20 Herbicide Application applied grass herbicide to control grass weeds. sprayed over top of trees(less than 3')

2014-06-20 Herbicide Application applied grass herbicide to control grass weeds. sprayed over top of trees(less than 3')

2014-06-25 Herbicide Application hand sprayed all large broadleaf weeds around trees. main weeds: spotted knapweed, horse nettle,

2014-07-01 Herbicide Application No comment was left (Sven)

2014-07-01 Herbicide Application No comment was left (Sven)

2014-06-25 Cultural Control sprayed liquid fence to all new growth on trees

2014-07-14 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to poplar trees. some evidence of deer browsing. 1 cup per gallon water sprayed on new growth.

2014-08-07 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to all poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. used 1.3 gallons total spray. sprayed all leaves, focusing on new growth. very little evidence of deer damage.

2014-08-05 Cultural Control 1 cup per gallon water, applied to all leaves. evidence of light deer damage to poplar

2014-04-25 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application on switchgrass

2014-04-25 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application on switchgrass

2014-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-S poplar

2014-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-S poplar

2014-04-25 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-C miscanthus

2014-04-25 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-C miscanthus

2014-04-25 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-C poplar

2014-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-S switchgrass

2014-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-S switchgrass

2015-04-22 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to all poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. sprayed on newly emerging leaves. No evidence of deer damage.

2015-04-16 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2015-04-16 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2015-07-07 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2015-07-07 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2015-04-17 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2015-04-17 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2015-04-23 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2015-04-16 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2015-04-16 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2015-07-02 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2015-07-02 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2015-05-23 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to all poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. sprayed on newly emerging leaves. No evidence of deer damage. sprayed all trees in rep 4, sprayed outside trees plus small trees in reps 1-3.

2015-05-08 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to all poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. sprayed on newly emerging leaves. No evidence of deer damage.

2015-05-13 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to all poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. sprayed on newly emerging leaves. No evidence of deer damage.

2015-07-29 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to border trees and all of small poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. sprayed on newly emerging leaves.

2016-04-15 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application at WCG5 reps 2-4

2016-04-15 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application at WCG5 reps 2-4

2016-04-18 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application

2016-04-18 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application

2016-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application at WCG6 rep 2 only

2016-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application at WCG6 rep 2 only

2016-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application

2016-05-06 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application at WCG6 reps 3 and 4

2016-05-06 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application at WCG6 reps 3 and 4

2016-05-23 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application

2016-05-23 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application

2016-06-08 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application

2016-06-08 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application

2016-06-10 Herbicide Application Herbicide Burn-down (all treatments except G11)

2016-06-10 Herbicide Application Herbicide Burn-down (all treatments except G11)

2015-07-07 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2015-07-07 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2015-04-17 Herbicide Application pre-emerge. R3 only west 10' sprayed. R4 only west 20' sprayed. R2 entire plot sprayed.

2015-07-07 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2015-07-07 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2015-06-03 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to all poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. sprayed on newly emerging leaves. No evidence of deer damage

2015-06-24 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to border and small poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. sprayed on newly emerging leaves. some evidence of deer damage

2015-06-30 Cultural Control applied Liquid Fence to lower branches of larger trees and all of small poplar trees.1 cup per gallon water. sprayed on newly emerging leaves. some evidence of deer damage

2016-08-29 Herbicide Application Post emerge herbicide application

2016-08-29 Herbicide Application Post emerge herbicide application

2016-06-27 Herbicide Application Second herbicide burndown, all treatments except G11

2016-06-27 Herbicide Application Second herbicide burndown, all treatments except G11

2016-06-29 Herbicide Application Herbicide burndown on Western 10 feet of G8R3, due to flagging error

2016-06-29 Herbicide Application Herbicide burndown on Western 10 feet of G8R3, due to flagging error

2016-08-05 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application

2017-05-11 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2017-05-11 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2017-07-10 Herbicide Application Post-emerge at WI River

2017-07-10 Herbicide Application Post-emerge at WI River

2017-07-18 Herbicide Application post-emerge wi river

2017-07-18 Herbicide Application post-emerge wi river

2017-04-08 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge, only reps 1-3 for G6 (we are replanting G6 rep 4)

2017-04-12 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2017-04-12 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2017-05-16 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2017-05-16 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2017-05-16 Herbicide Application post-emerge, we are replanting G8

2017-05-16 Herbicide Application post-emerge, we are replanting G8

2017-06-09 Herbicide Application post emerge

2017-06-09 Herbicide Application post emerge

2017-06-20 Herbicide Application post emerge

2017-06-20 Herbicide Application post emerge

2016-09-08 Herbicide Application Herbicide application to control grass weeds in G8

2016-09-08 Herbicide Application Herbicide application to control grass weeds in G8

2016-06-08 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application (G7: reps 2-4)

2016-06-08 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application (G7: reps 2-4)

2015-07-07 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2019-12-05 Harvest Harvested Switchgrass at Lux Arbor. Switchgrass Field: Loads we recorded number of bales and weight: 1. 30 bales, gross wt. 49,200, tare wt. 19,480, net wt. 29,720 (lbs). 2. 24.25 bales (part of a bale was on top of this load, most likely the first bale of the field), gross wt. 43,900, tare wt. 19,480, net wt. 24,420 (lbs). 3. 24 bales, gross wt. 42,840, tare wt. 19,440, net wt. 23,400 (lbs). 4. 24 bales, gross wt. 42,960, tare wt. 19,440, net wt. 23,520 (lbs). 5. 24 bales, gross wt. 42,400, tare wt. 19,440, net wt. 22,960 (lbs). 6. 22 bales, gross wt. 41,220, tare wt. 19,440, net wt. 21,780 (lbs). Field Total: 148.25 bales, 145,800 (lbs), 72.9 (tons).

2015-07-07 Herbicide Application post-emerge

2014-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-S miscanthus

2020-10-28 Harvest Used Kemper harvester/weigh system to take yields. Plots cut back on East side of plots, for a plot length of 30 feet(40 feet on previous years). One pass per plot(7.5'), Plot weight recorded, and subsample taken for moisture correction. Cut height, 6 inches December 9, 2020 harvested the remaining stand of switch grass variety trial with JD 7350 chopper and Gnuse forage wagon. -Ryan Anthony

2021-05-12 Herbicide Application Sprayed 1.0 quarts Glystar Plus (Glyphosate) on treatment G4 to kill clover in preperation to plant switchgrass. The spray mix was applied at 20 gallons per acre with low drift air induction nozzles. >>>> also applied to all rep 6 plots

2021-06-23 Mechanical Weed Control The Lely tine weeder was used on the west side of T4 R5. The weeder moved large amounts of residue into the alleyways and field edges. Because of this we decided the weed control method was ineffective. This was only used west of the prairie strip in T4R5 (No other reps received this treatment).

2021-11-09 Planting Planted winter wheat in T8NT all reps Wheat variety: Pioneer 25R40 which is a soft red winter wheat, the seed was treated. Pioneer 25R40 (treated seed) had 11,000 seeds/lb (90% germ) planted at 174.94 lbs/A. Planting depth:1”. Planted with JD 7420b tractor and JD 1590 no-till drill. Average planting speed was 4.5 mph. Seed drill was set to 43 using the second door notch, Seed rate was 2,099,280 seeds per acre.

2021-11-09 Planting Planted winter wheat in T8NT all reps Wheat variety: Pioneer 25R40 which is a soft red winter wheat, the seed was treated. Pioneer 25R40 (treated seed) had 11,000 seeds/lb (90% germ) planted at 174.94 lbs/A. Planting depth:1”. Planted with JD 7420b tractor and JD 1590 no-till drill. Average planting speed was 4.5 mph. Seed drill was set to 43 using the second door notch, Seed rate was 2,099,280 seeds per acre.

2022-08-09 Herbicide Application Herbicide application to wheat stubble in Lysimeter field and T8nt plots. Applied Interline (Generic Liberty) at 36 oz/acre, Ammonium Sulfate at 3.4 lbs/acre, and a small amount of de-foaming agent. Rate of spray was 20gal/acre on JD rate controller. Weather conditions at the beginning 10:00pm: 67.7 degrees F, 1 mph North wind, 75.2% relative humidity, and partly cloudy. Weather conditions at the end 4:00 pm: 73.3 degrees F, 1 mph North wind, 58.9% relative humidity, and mostly sunny. REI: 12 hours. Application was completed using the 30ft top air sprayer and the John Deere 7420B tractor.

2018-05-08 Fertilizer Application Fertilized all plus Nitrogen split plots with urea(109 lb/a), 50 lb/A Nitrogen. A Gandy broadcast spreader was used to spread the urea evenly over surface of plot. The urea used has a stabilizer in it to protect from ammonia volatilization, denitrification and nitrate leaching(brand: SUPERU). one pass made per plot with 20 foot boom. Teknic stepper motor on Gandy set at 50 rpm, ground speed 3 mph.

2020-05-12 Fertilizer Application Applied 114 lb/A ESN Urea(see attachment) 50lb/A Nitrogen with Gandy broadcast spreader on the West 30' of each replication.

2014-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-S miscanthus

2012-10-03 Herbicide Application Burndown herbicide application for the establishment of the central marginal site

2012-10-03 Herbicide Application Burndown herbicide application for the establishment of the central marginal site

2011-05-10 Herbicide Application Pre-plant Herbicide Application - Soybeans

2011-05-10 Herbicide Application Pre-plant Herbicide Application - Soybeans

2014-08-06 Herbicide Application sprayed 32 oz/A roundup + AMS on all wheat plots except treatment with clover.

2014-08-06 Herbicide Application sprayed 32 oz/A roundup + AMS on all wheat plots except treatment with clover.

2016-04-26 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide application

2017-04-07 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge

2017-04-07 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge

2019-05-04 Herbicide Application Preparation for planting poplar trees, broadcast applied 30 gal/A of mix of 3 lb/A a.i. Glyphosate(brand: Cornerstone Plus) with 17 lb/100 gal ammonium sulfate and water (as a carrier).

2019-05-04 Herbicide Application Preparation for planting poplar trees, broadcast applied 30 gal/A of mix of 3 lb/A a.i. Glyphosate(brand: Cornerstone Plus) with 17 lb/100 gal ammonium sulfate and water (as a carrier).

2014-04-30 Herbicide Application sprayed quackgrass for replanting of miscanthus. sprayed 40 oz/A Roundup Max + 17 lb/A AMS with boom sprayer. sprayed to control quackgrass for replant. Miscanthus plant up 3-5 inches.

2014-04-30 Herbicide Application sprayed quackgrass for replanting of miscanthus. sprayed 40 oz/A Roundup Max + 17 lb/A AMS with boom sprayer. sprayed to control quackgrass for replant. Miscanthus plant up 3-5 inches.

2014-06-09 Herbicide Application sprayed treatments 5, 6, & 7 for grass and broadleaf weeds. switchgrass over a foot tall, miscanthus 2-4', or just emerging(replants)

2014-06-09 Herbicide Application sprayed treatments 5, 6, & 7 for grass and broadleaf weeds. switchgrass over a foot tall, miscanthus 2-4', or just emerging(replants)

2014-04-25 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge herbicide spray on MLE-C poplar

2015-04-17 Herbicide Application pre-emerge. R3 only west 10' sprayed. R4 only west 20' sprayed. R2 entire plot sprayed.

2015-04-23 Herbicide Application pre-emerge

2015-04-01 Herbicide Application pre-emerge on G8 poplars

2015-04-01 Herbicide Application pre-emerge on G8 poplars

2015-06-20 Herbicide Application No comment was left

2015-06-20 Herbicide Application No comment was left

2015-08-17 Herbicide Application no comment was left.

2015-08-17 Herbicide Application no comment was left.

2013-07-18 Herbicide Application Post-emerge spray on switchgrass and miscanthus

2016-08-05 Herbicide Application Post-emerge herbicide application

2017-04-08 Herbicide Application Pre-emerge, only reps 1-3 for G6 (we are replanting G6 rep 4)

2021-04-16 Herbicide Application T1 no cover: terminate rye. Planting green project.

2021-04-16 Herbicide Application T1 no cover: terminate rye. Planting green project.

2024-04-09 Harvest mowed and baled Lux Arbor Prairie. 15 bales, 11,400 lbs. took bales to Tim Osborne

2024-06-27 Fertilizer Application Side dress corn with 28% UAN. Swine manure T1 at 37 gal./acre. Mani plots at 24 gal./acre. OP corn at 23 gal./acre. A2 fill at 34 gal./acre.