Name: hand

1993-10-05 Planting {{PL: <Action>Rotation study; Broadcast by hand oats at 64 lbs/a on treatment 3b for all reps. }}

2008-05-23 Planting Hand planted miscanthus in the GLBRC. Finished planting G6R1. Row spacing: 30 inches. Spacing within row: 30 inches. Total rows within each plot: 36. Total rootstock within each row: 52. Planting depth: 4”.

2008-05-20 Planting Started hand planting miscanthus in the GLBRC. Planted 18 rows on the east side of G6R5. Row spacing: 30 inches. Spacing within row: 30 inches. Total rows within each plot: 36. Total rootstock within each row: 52. Planting depth: 4”.

2008-05-21 Planting Hand planted miscanthus in the GLBRC. Finished planting G6R5. Planted all of G6R3. Planted 15 rows on the west side and 9 rows on the east side of G6R2. Row spacing: 30 inches. Spacing within row: 30 inches. Total rows within each plot: 36. Total rootstock within each row: 52.

2008-05-22 Planting Hand planted miscanthus in the GLBRC. Finished planting G6R2. Planted all of G6R4. Planted 6 rows on the west side and 8 rows on the east side of G6R1. Row spacing: 30 inches. Spacing within row: 30 inches. Total rows within each plot: 36. Total rootstock within each row: 52. Planting depth: 4”.

2009-05-12 Planting Planted hybrid poplar trees on the LTER main site treatment T5 reps 6, 1, and half of rep 5 were planted on May 12, 2009, the remaining half of rep 5 and reps 2, 3, and 4 were planted on May 13, 2009. TREES PLANTED: NM-6 (Populus nigra x populus maximowiczii), Length of cuttings: 10 inches. Cost was $0.19 each. We contracted the tree planting to Midwest Forestry, Inc., Scottville, MI (231) 757-4925. Midwest used five people to plant the trees. Two members of the LTER staff helped plant reps 5, 2, 3, and 4. PLOT LAYOUT: Row spacing: 8 feet between tree columns (spaced east to west) and 5 feet between trees (spaced north to south) within a column. Trees per acre = 1,089. FIELD PREPARATION: The LTER staff preformed the plot layout over a 2-3 week period before Midwest planted the trees. Tape marks were placed onto a 125' metal chain every 5 feet to indicate the within column spacing. The 125' metal chain was selected because it the longest chain that could be easily moved by two people and was heavy enough to press down shrubs and brush that were within the columns. Location of tree columns were marked with garden stakes on the north and south end of the plots and well as two sets of stakes approximately 1/3 and 2/3 from the end of each plot. Columns were staggered with alternating ones starting at the field edge and the remaining ones starting 2 1/2 feet in from the field edge. A total of 36 columns were marked north to south across the field. Tree row locations were marked every 5' in the field by spraying a 2”-3” diameter dot of water-based marking paint at each tape location on the chain; each column had 67 or 68 trees (east to west) depending on its starting location and field size. PLANTING: Trees were planted into 3 cm wide x 20-25 cm long tapered holes made by forcing a custom-made tree-planting stick into the ground, wiggling it around slightly, and removing it. Cuttings were planted such that 1 or 2 dormant buds were left exposed above ground. Cuttings were then snugged into the holes by stepping on and compacting the soil around the edge of the hole.

2009-05-29 Planting GLBRC main site plot G1R5. Hand replanted gaps in initial planting with DeKalb DKC52-59. Seeds placed every 4-6” in gaps larger than 2'.

2009-06-10 Planting GLBRC main site plot G1R5. Hand replanted, for second time, gaps in initial planting with DeKalb DKC52-59. Seeds placed every 4-6” in gaps larger than 2'. Appears that first replanting may have been eaten by animals.

2008-06-04 Planting Hand planted miscanthus in the GLBRC. We had extra miscanthus rhizomes so we planted what would have been the G6R6 plot area (the southwest corner of intensive field site). The rep 6 area would have been the south part of the field but we decided to have that area for other studies, not 6 reps of the main site treatments. We planted the miscanthus for two reasons: 1. we will have a nursery of miscanthus if we need replacement plants for the intensive plots. 2. we will have an area to conduct other experiments on miscanthus that we can not conduct in the intensive plots without interfering with the integrity of the plots. Row spacing: 30 inches. Spacing within row: 30 inches. Total rows within each plot: 36. Total rootstock within each row: 52. Planting depth: 4”. Before planting Jim Stoneburner soil finished this plot area with JD 7520 tractor and JD 726 soil finisher.

2010-09-29 Herbicide Application Applied herbicide to the LTER Main Site 2,4-D Study (Gene Transfer Plots). Total volume applied to each plot area was 5 liters. The 5L solution of 2,4-D and water was applied using a sprinkle (watering) canister at the study concentrations. The solutions were applied starting in the middle of the plots and going to the north side of the plot until all the solution was finished. A total of four concentrations were used, per protocol: control (0x), (1x), (10x), and (100x) solutions. Weather at the time of application was 72 degrees F, 45% humidity, wind was out of the south-southwest at 0-4 mph averaging 2 mph. Time of application was 4:00 pm

2008-05-01 Planting Midwest Forestry (Tony Papes and 3 others from Midwest Forestry) hand planted NM-6 poplar trees into G8, all reps. Trees were planted with 8' between tree columns (rows) and 5' between trees within a column (row). Each plot had 318 trees planted within the plot. 318 trees per plot equals 1,149 trees/A.

2008-05-30 Planting Mark Klok replanted trees in all reps of G8 plots. If the whip did not have any green leave growing at this point Mark put a new whip in the ground. Mark planted about 50 new whips total over all 5 reps. The number on new whips per rep was even among each rep.

2017-07-18 Planting July 18, 2017 Jerry Stewart from Native Connections planted switchgrass seed in the four lysimeter areas of the Interaction plots. Jerry hand planted the switchgrass seed by scratching the soil surface area with a rake. Total amount of seed used was about 1 lb total divided among the four lysimeter frames. Each lysimeter frame is 4 ft x 7.5 ft (30 sq ft) (30 sq ft x 4 lysimeter frames = 120 sq ft total area). Amount of seed applied to the lysimeter frames based on lbs of seed/acre: 120 sq ft / 43560 sq ft per acre = 0.0027548 acre. So 1 lbs of seed was applied to 0.0027548 acre area so 1 acre / 0.00027548 seeded acre = 363 lbs of seed/acre.

2023-06-20 Herbicide Application Spot spray to control grasses in alfalfa plots on east end of FSC - C1