Name: Turbo TeeJet 11002 Flat Fan Nozzles

2010-04-23 Fertilizer Application Fertilized LTER N-rate study (Irrigated and Non-irrigated fertility gradient study). Fertilizer applications were with 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN). A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used broadcast spray and apply the correct amount of fertilizer. The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: F1 (101, 203, 209, 404, 501, 603, 709, 804) 0 lbs/A; F2 (102, 202, 304, 406, 502, 602, 704, 806) 20 lbs N/A (7 gal/A); F3 (103, 205, 302, 407, 503, 605, 702, 807) 40 lbs N/A (13.5 gal/A); F4 (104, 208, 305, 403, 504, 608, 705, 803) 60 lbs N/A (20 gal/A); F5 (105, 204, 306, 401, 505, 604, 706, 801) 80 lbs N/A (27 gal/A); F6 (106, 209, 308, 402, 506, 609, 708, 802) 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A); F7 (107, 201, 307, 408, 507, 601, 707, 808) 120 lbs N/A (40 gal/A); F8 (108, 207, 303, 405, 508, 607, 703, 805) 140 lbs N/A (47 gal/A); F9 (109, 206, 301, 409, 509, 606, 701, 809) 160 lbs N/A (53.5 gal/A). Guard plots were sprayed at rates comparable to adjacent treatment plots; i.e. west of 101, unsprayed; west of 301 sprayed at F9 rate; east of 690 sprayed at F6 rate; east of 809 sprayed at F9 rate; middle buffer plots between replications 2 & 5 and between 4 & 7 were sprayed at 80 lbs N/A except for the single plot west of 501 which was unsprayed because it was adjacent to an F1 level. Time of application was between 1:30 and 4:30 p.m. Temperature at start was 61F, 37% relative humidity, skies were cloudy. Wind was between 8-10 mph at start with 10 minute average of 8 mph from ESE. Equipment used: John Deere 5220 tractor pulling a Top-Air pull type sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump. The sprayer was controlled by a Raven 440 automatic carrier control unit. Nozzles were spaced 15 inches apart along the 15 foot boom length extending from the center of the drive-line off to the right side of the sprayer. Different pressures, rpm, and speeds were used for the application so that the pressure range at the sprayer varied between 20-35 psi. TeeJet 8001 nozzles were used for the F2 level. TurboTeeJet 11002 nozzles were used for the F3 and F4 levels. TurboTeeJet 11005 nozzles were used for the F5, F6, F7, F8 and F9 levels.

2012-05-04 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilzed microplot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' microplot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A applied in 3 passes of the sprayer; the first pass was centered 15' from the west edge of the main plot, but half the boom (over the microplot area) was shut off. Conditions: Cloudy with air temperature 68 degrees F. Relative Humidity was 83%. Wind was calm, but out of the south at 0 mphs. Time of application was between 11:30 a.m. and 4:15 p.m. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 3.5 mph (gear B2, 1650 rpm) with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a Raven 440 automatic carrier control unit. Turbo TeeJet 11002 nozzles were used, spaced 30 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2012-05-04 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilzed microplot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' microplot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A applied in 3 passes of the sprayer; the first pass was centered 15' from the west edge of the main plot, but half the boom (over the microplot area) was shut off. Conditions: Cloudy with air temperature 68 degrees F. Relative Humidity was 83%. Wind was calm, but out of the south at 0 mphs. Time of application was between 11:30 a.m. and 4:15 p.m. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 3.5 mph (gear B2, 1650 rpm) with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a Raven 440 automatic carrier control unit. Turbo TeeJet 11002 nozzles were used, spaced 30 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2012-05-04 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilzed microplot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' microplot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A applied in 3 passes of the sprayer; the first pass was centered 15' from the west edge of the main plot, but half the boom (over the microplot area) was shut off. Conditions: Cloudy with air temperature 68 degrees F. Relative Humidity was 83%. Wind was calm, but out of the south at 0 mphs. Time of application was between 11:30 a.m. and 4:15 p.m. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 3.5 mph (gear B2, 1650 rpm) with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a Raven 440 automatic carrier control unit. Turbo TeeJet 11002 nozzles were used, spaced 30 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2012-05-04 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatments G5, G6, G7, and G9, all replications. All treatments were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer. 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs /gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas, an unfertilzed microplot area 15' wide located on the west side of all the plots and the fertilized area which was the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plot. The unfertilized 15' microplot received NO fertilizer. The fertilized 76.86' was fertilized at 50 lbs N/A applied in 3 passes of the sprayer; the first pass was centered 15' from the west edge of the main plot, but half the boom (over the microplot area) was shut off. Conditions: Cloudy with air temperature 68 degrees F. Relative Humidity was 83%. Wind was calm, but out of the south at 0 mphs. Time of application was between 11:30 a.m. and 4:15 p.m. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 3.5 mph (gear B2, 1650 rpm) with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a Raven 440 automatic carrier control unit. Turbo TeeJet 11002 nozzles were used, spaced 30 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2012-05-04 Fertilizer Application Sprayed fertilizer in the GLBRC Main Site Treatment G10, MICROPLOT area only, all replications (replications 1, 2, 3, 5 and 4). Treatment G10 microplots were fertilized with 50 lbs N/A applied as 28% N fertilizer (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate). 28% fertilizer weighs 10.67 lbs / gallon so the 50 lbs N/A worked out to 16.7 gal 28%/A. Each treatment plot was divided into two areas: fertilized microplot areas 15' wide located on the west side of treatment plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the east side of the treatment plot G10R1; unfertilized areas which were the remaining 76.86' on the east side of the plots [G10R2, G10R3, G10R4, and G10R5] and located on the west side of treatment plot G10R1. The fertilized 15' microplot received 50 lbs N/A. The unfertilized 76.86' was NOT fertilized. Conditions: Cloudy with air temperature 68 degrees F. Relative Humidity was 83%. Wind was calm, but out of the south at 0 mphs. Time of application was between 11:30 a.m. and 4:15 p.m. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 3.5 mph (gear B2, 1650 rpm) with a pull type Top Air sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a Raven 440 automatic carrier control unit. Turbo TeeJet 11002 nozzles were used, spaced 30 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Purpose of Application: Supply nitrogen to the treatment plots.

2012-05-10 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate).The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 (108, 201, 307, 408) 0 lbs/A; SWF2 (104, 206, 308, 407) 25 lbs N/A (8.4 gal/A); SWF3 (102, 202, 302, 406) 50 lbs N/A (16.7 gal/A); SWF4 (105, 208, 305, 405) 75 lbs N/A (25.1 gal/A); SWF5 (101, 205, 304, 404) 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A); SWF6 (107, 207, 301, 403) 125 lbs N/A (41.8 gal/A); SWF7 (106, 204, 306, 402) 150 lbs N/A (50.2 gal/A); SWF8 (103, 203, 303, 401) 175 lbs N/A (58.6 gal/A). In most cases, passes were made from the alleway area into the research plots: for blocks 1 and 2 passes were South to North; for blocks 3 and 4 passes were North to South. A total of 52 gallons of fertilizer were used which included for priming the spray boom and test applications into the trap crop area. Time of application was between 9:00 - 11:00 a.m. Temperature at start was approximately 46 degree F, 70% relative humidity, skies were clear and sunny. Wind was 5 mph out of northwest, with a 10 minute average of 4 mph. Equipment used: John Deere 5220 tractor pulling a Top-Air pull type sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump. A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast spray and apply the correct amount of fertilizer. The sprayer was controlled by a Raven 440 automatic carrier control unit. Nozzles were spaced 15 inches apart along the 15 foot boom length extending from the center of the drive-line off to the right side of the sprayer; 12 nozzles were used on the boom. Different pressures, rpm, and speeds were used for the application so that the pressure range at the sprayer varied between 15-20 psi. No passes were made through the SWF1 treatment area, nor was any liquid (even water) applied. TeeJet 8001 nozzles were used for the SWF2 level. TurboTeeJet 11002 nozzles were used for the SWF3. TurboTeeJet 11003 nozzles were used for the SWF4, SWF5, and SWF6 levels. TurboTeeJet 11005 nozzles were used for the SWF7 and SWF8 levels.

2013-05-16 Fertilizer Application Fertilized GLBRC Main Site Switchgrass Fertility Study (SWF: N-rate), all treatments and all replications. Fertilizer applied as 28-0-0 which supplied 28% nitrogen in the form of Urea-Ammonium Nitrate (UAN) (CAS #57-13-6 Urea, #6484-52-5 Ammonium Nitrate).The amounts of nitrogen applied were as follows: SWF1 (108, 201, 307, 408) 0 lbs/A; SWF2 (104, 206, 308, 407) 25 lbs N/A (8.4 gal/A); SWF3 (102, 202, 302, 406) 50 lbs N/A (16.7 gal/A); SWF4 (105, 208, 305, 405) 75 lbs N/A (25.1 gal/A); SWF5 (101, 205, 304, 404) 100 lbs N/A (33.5 gal/A); SWF6 (107, 207, 301, 403) 125 lbs N/A (41.8 gal/A); SWF7 (106, 204, 306, 402) 150 lbs N/A (50.2 gal/A); SWF8 (103, 203, 303, 401) 175 lbs N/A (58.6 gal/A). All passes except for F2 & F3 applications were made from the south alleyway across to the north side, doing blocks 1 & 3 at a time and then 2 & 4. Time of application was between 9:30 - 11:30 a.m. Temperature at start was approximately 70 degree F, 42% relative humidity, skies were clear and sunny. Wind was 1-6 mph out of northwest. Equipment used: John Deere 5220 tractor pulling a Top-Air pull type sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump. A single pass of a boom type sprayer was used to broadcast spray and apply the correct amount of fertilizer. The sprayer was controlled by a John Deere Rate Controller. Nozzles were spaced 15 inches apart along the 15 foot boom length extending from the center of the drive-line off to the right side of the sprayer; 11 nozzles were used on the boom. Different pressures, rpm, and speeds were used for the application so that the pressure range at the sprayer varied between 15-20 psi. TeeJet 8001 nozzles were used for the SWF2 level. TurboTeeJet 11002 nozzles were used for the SWF3. TurboTeeJet 11003 nozzles were used for the SWF4, SWF5, levels. TurboTeeJet 11005 nozzles were used for the SWF7, SWF7 and SWF8 levels.

2014-06-13 Herbicide Application Sprayed the LTER CE study, treatment C3 all plots for post-plant burndown weed control using Roundup PowerMax, and ammonium sulfate. Roundup Power Max (EPA Reg. No. 524-549) (Glyphosate: N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine, in the form of its potassium salt, 48.7%) was applied at 22 oz/acre, and Ammonium Sulfate (sprayable, CAS #7783-20-2) was applied at 3.4 lbs/acre. Weather conditions: At the start 8:15 a.m. mostly sunny with air temperature of 55 degrees F. Relative Humidity was 63 %. Wind was from the W at 4-7 mph. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 4.8 mph (gear C1, 1500 rpm) with a pull type Top Air Sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a John Deere Rate Controller. Turbo TeeJet 11003 nozzles were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Water applied at 20 gals/A, (187 L/ha),

2014-06-14 Herbicide Application Sprayed the LTER CE study, treatment C1&2 all plots for post-Emergence grass control using Roundup PowerMax, and ammonium sulfate. Roundup Power Max (EPA Reg. No. 524-549) (Glyphosate: N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine, in the form of its potassium salt, 48.7%) was applied at 22 oz/acre, and Ammonium Sulfate (sprayable, CAS #7783-20-2) was applied at 3.4 lbs/acre. Weather conditions: At the start 8:00 a.m. sunny with air temperature of 50 degrees F. Relative Humidity was 90 %. Wind was calm from the NE at 0 mph. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 4.8 mph (gear C1, 1500 rpm) with a pull type Top Air Sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a John Deere Rate Controller. Turbo TeeJet 11003 nozzles were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Water applied at 20 gals/A, (187 L/ha),

2014-06-14 Herbicide Application Sprayed the GLBRC bait crop where soybeans were planted (3rd-5th plots east of miscanthus in rep 6, brown house, 1 30ft strip around the entire 3 sides of the GLBRC) for post plant burndown using Roundup PowerMax, and ammonium sulfate. Roundup Power Max (EPA Reg. No. 524-549) (Glyphosate: N-(phosphonomethyl) glycine, in the form of its potassium salt, 48.7%) was applied at 22 oz/acre, and Ammonium Sulfate (sprayable, CAS #7783-20-2) was applied at 3.4 lbs/acre. Weather conditions: At the start 8:00 a.m. sunny with air temperature of 50 degrees F. Relative Humidity was 90 %. Wind was calm from the NE at 0 mph. At the end 10:00 a.m. 64 degrees F 56 % humidity, sunny with calm NW winds. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 4.8 mph (gear C1, 1500 rpm) with a pull type Top Air Sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a John Deere Rate Controller. Turbo TeeJet 11003 nozzles were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Water applied at 20 gals/A, (187 L/ha),

2015-05-22 Herbicide Application Sprayed the LTER Main Site treatment T1 soybeans all replications (6, 5, 1, 4, 2, 3) with Valor XLT (EPA. 59639-117) a pre-emerge herbicide. Rate of application was 3.5 oz/A. Pre-emerge application was done to prevent weed growth in soybeans. Weather conditions at the start 9:45 a.m. sunny, 56 degrees F. 28% humidity, 5-10 mph North - North East wind. Conditions at end 7:45 p.m. sunny, 63 degrees F. 29% humidity, 5-10 mph North - North West winds.

2015-06-03 Herbicide Application Sprayed the GLBRC Main Site G1, G2, G3, G4 treatment all replications for (G1) post emergence / (G2-G4) post plant burndown of cover crops and grasses using Roundup PowerMax, and ammonium sulfate. Roundup Power Max (EPA Reg. No. 524-549) was applied at 1 qt/A and Ammonium Sulfate (sprayable, CAS #7783-20-2) was applied at 17 lbs/100 gallons of carrier. Also sprayed all of the bait crop in the GLBRC. Weather conditions: At the start 9:00 a.m. sunny with air temperature of 58 degrees F, humidity was 77 % with 4 mph east winds. End of application 3:40 p.m. sunny, 73 degrees F, humidity 53 %, with 4-8 mph avg 5mph south east winds. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 4.8 mph (gear C1, 1500 rpm) with a pull type Top Air Sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a John Deere Rate Controller. Turbo TeeJet 11002 nozzles were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Water applied at 15 gals/A, was used as the carrier.

2015-06-03 Herbicide Application Sprayed the LTER T8nt, interaction, and CES 1,2,&3 treatments all replications for burndown using Roundup PowerMax, and ammonium sulfate. Roundup Power Max (EPA Reg. No. 524-549) was applied at 1 qt/A and Ammonium Sulfate (sprayable, CAS #7783-20-2) was applied at 17 lbs/100 gallons of carrier. Also sprayed all of the bait crop in the GLBRC. Weather conditions: At the start 9:00 a.m. sunny with air temperature of 58 degrees F, humidity was 77 % with 4 mph east winds. End of application 3:40 p.m. sunny, 73 degrees F, humidity 53 %, with 4-8 mph avg 5mph south east winds. Equipment Used: JD 5220 tractor traveling 4.8 mph (gear C1, 1500 rpm) with a pull type Top Air Sprayer equipped with a hydraulic centrifugal sprayer pump and a John Deere Rate Controller. Turbo TeeJet 11002 nozzles were used, spaced 15 inches apart with a total boom length of 30 feet. 20 psi were used. Water applied at 15 gals/A, was used as the carrier.